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WH Ch. 1

WH Ch. 1 Terms

TermDefinition
artifact human-made objects, such as tools and jewelry
culture a people's unique way of life
hominid humans and other creatures that walk upright
Paleolithic Age earlier, longer part of the Stone Age, called the Old Stone as, lasted from about 2.5 million to 8000 BC, oldest stone chopping tools date back o this era
Neolithic Age began about 8000 BC and ended as early as 3000 BC in some areas, people who lived during this second phase of the Stone Age learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops, and raise animala
technology ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs
Homo sapiens the species name for modern humans
components of a culture common practices, shared understandings, and social organization
Lucy oldest hominid found to date
Cro-Magnons a group of prehistoric humans that appeared about 40,000 years ago, skeletal reaims show that they are identical to modern humans
nomad highly mobile people who moved from place to place foraging, or searching, for new sources of food
hunter-gatherer nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods
Neolithic Revolution the agricultural revolution, shift from food-gathering to food-producing culture, one of the great breakthroughs in history
slash-and-burn farming a practice in which cut trees and grasses are burned to clear a field, the remaining ashes fertilized the soil
domestication taming of animals
civilization a complex culture with five characteristics
specialization the development of skills in a specific kind of work
artisans skilled workers who make goods by hand
institution a long-lasting pattern of organization in a community
scribe professional record keepers
cuneiform a system of writing that means "wedge-shaped"
Bronze Age the time when people began using bronze, rather than copper and stone, to fashion (make) tools and weapons
barter trading good and services without using money
ziggurat a tiered, pyramid-shaped monument that formed part of a Sumerian temple
Five Characteristics of a Civilization advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, and advanced technology
pictographs symbols of the objects or what they represented in Sumerian writing
stylus a scribe's tool that was a sharpened reed with a wedge-shaped point
Created by: mjnlewis