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WRLD CIV TEST 1 2018

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian World Civ. Unit Test #1 Flashcards 2018

QuestionAnswer
What are the three (3) things a group of people needs before they can be considered a "civilization"? 1. Built Up Cities, 2. Surplus of Food, 3. A Division of Labor. (PowerPoint)
What does the term "Paleolithic" stand for? It means "Old Stone". (PowerPoint and Pg. 8)
What does the term "Neolithic" stand for? It means "New Stone". (PowerPoint and pg. 14)
Who discovered farming at the beginning of the Neolithic Era and how did they do it? Women discovered it. Historians believe that, when the women threw away the seeds and peels of fruits and others foods they found, they noticed small plants began to grow. (PowerPoint)
What was the "revolution" that happened at the beginning of the Neolithic Era? The discovery of agricultural practices. (You could also say "farming techniques" or "sustainable agriculture"). (PowerPoint and pgs.14 and 15.)
How are scientists able to use the element C-14 to date artifacts they find? The C-14 (which is radioactive) becomes N-14 as the item decays. Scientists know the half - life of N-14 and can use that information to determine how old something is. (Slides on our class page.)
What were the three (3) types of carbon that all living things on Earth are constantly exposed to from cosmic radiation? C-12, C-13, and C-14. (This information is on the slides on our class page on my teacher's website.)
List two (2) ways that life improved for Neolithic peoples once the Neolithic Revolution took place. Fewer "travel injuries" because tribes no longer had to follow herd animals; a better diet, which helped them live longer lives; more babies lived into adulthood due to improved health of the mother. (Class & Textbook.)
Because C-14 dating can only date artifacts that are 10,000 years old, what other technique do scientists need to use? How far back can this technique date artifacts? They use "thermoluminescence", which can date artifacts that are as old as 200,000 years old. (PowerPoint and pg. 5)
What ended the Neolithic Era? The Bronze Age began. Neolithic artisans discovered that they could heat metal - bearing rocks to extract the metal, which they could use to make weapons and tools. (Pg. 16)
What definition of "culture" did Mr. Stickler say we would use in our class? "Culture - Way of Life". (Class Notes & Pg. 18).
What is a synonym for "domestication"? "Taming". This term has to do with the domestication of animals after the Neolithic Revolution. (Pg. 14)
What important discovery was made by the Leakey family at Olduvai Gorge in the late 1950's? They discovered a "hominid" that they named "Lucy" that was 1.8 million years old. (Pg. 6 and PowerPoint)
What is the difference between "artifacts" and "fossils"? "artifacts" are man - made items/ objects. "Fossils" are "rocklike remains of biological orgamisms. (Pg. 4)
What can we learn about the earliest humans by looking at the Lascaux Cave Paintings? We can learn that Paleolithic people hunted herd animals (probably deer). Also, hunting them was difficult because they didn't have very good weapons. It took many arrows or spears to kill one (1) deer! These people paid close attention to nature.
What does the term "prehistory" mean? It refers to the time before a system of writing was developed. (Pg. 4)
What do each of the letters in the "SQR2" pre - reading process stand for? S = Skim/ survey, Q = Question, R = Read, R = Review. (Class notes.)
When did the Neolithic Age occur? This covered the years from 8000 - 4000 B.C.E. (Pg. 14)
When did the Paleolithic Age occur? This covered the years from 2,500,000 - 10,000 B.C.E. (Pg. 8)
What are the two (2) theories of where the Garden of Eden was located? 1.) One group believes that it is located between the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers in Modern day Iraq; 2.) The other group believes that we cannot know because the flood of Noah's time changed the surface of the Earth. (PowerPoint Notes)
What is the "Out of Africa Theory" also known as? This is another term for Evolutionary Theory - the theory that people evolved from African primates. (Pg. 7)
What does the term "Australopithecus" mean/ refer to? This term means "southern ape". (Pg. 7)
What does the term "homo sapiens sapiens" mean/ refer to? This term means "wise, wise human". (Pg. 7)
What does the term "hominid" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a human - like creature that walked upright". (Pg. 6)
What does the term "archaeology" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the study of past societies through analysis of what people left behind". (Pg. 4)
What does the term "anthropology" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the study of human life and culture". (Pg. 4)
What is the difference between a primary and a secondary source? Primary sources are artifacts that were written or created during the period you are studying; secondary sources were created after the period you are studying. (Class notes.)
What Bible verses do those who believe that we cannot know the location of the Garden of Eden use to support their theory? This group uses Genesis 7:1 - 8:16 and II Peter 3:6. (Class notes.)
What Bible verses do those who believe that the Garden of Eden was located between the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers in modern day Iraq use to support their theory? This groups uses Genesis 2:4 - 2:14. (Class notes.)
What does the term "Mesoamericans" mean/ refer to? This refers to people who live in present - day Mexico and Central America. (Pg. 15)
When did the Bronze Age occur? This occurred from 3000 to 1200 B.C.E. (Pg. 16)
When did the Iron Age occur? This occurred "after 1000 B.C.E. (Pg. 16)
Created by: sticklerpjpII