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Basic Word Structure

Medical Term & Definitions

adenoma benign tumor of glandular cells
adenitis inflammation of gland
arthritis inflammation of joint
biology study of life
carcinoma cancerous tumor
cardiology study of the heart
cephalic pertaining to the head
cerebral pertaining to the brain
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) disorder of blood vessel within the cerebrum (known as a stroke)
cystoscope instrument used to view the urinary bladder
cytology study of cells
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermal pertaining to the skin
electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG) record of the electricity in the heart
electroencephalogram (EEG) record of the clectricity in the brain
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
erythrocyte red blood cell
gastoroscopy visual examination of the stomach
diagnosis state of complete knowledge, complete knowledge of patient's condition
gynecology study of female disorders
hepatoma tumor of the liver
hemoglobin protein in red blood cells
hepatitis inflammationof the liver
laparotomy incision of the abdomen
leukocyte white blood cell
nephrectomy removal of a kidney
neurology study of the nerve disorders
oncologist specialist in the tumors
ophpathalmoscope instrument used to examine the eye
pathologist specialist in the diseases
psychosis abnormal condition of the mind
renal pertaining to the kidney
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
sarcoma tumor of connective tissue
thrombocyto clotting cell, a platelet
thrombosis abnormal condition of clotting
neural pertaining to nerves
arthralgia pain in a joint
luekemia condition of white blood cell
cephalgia condition of the head, headache
gastric pertaining to stomach
hyperthyroidism excessive activity of the gland
biopsy viewing of life
nephrosis abnormal condition of kidney
neurotomy incision of nerve
anemia lacking in blood
autopsy examination of a body
dysentery condition of painful intestine
endocrine glands organ that produce (secrete) hormones
endocardium inflammation of inner lining of the heart
exocrine glands glands that produces chemicals to the outside of the body
hyperglycemia condition of excess level of sugar in the blood
hypodermic pertaining to under the skin
prognosis prediction as to the outcome of an illness or treatment
resection removal of an organ
retrogastric pertaining to behind the stomach
subhepatic pertaining to below the liver
transdermal pertaining to through the skin
transurethral pertaning to across the urithral