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Ch 3 & 4

Chapter three and four, Building a Medical Vocabulary

-centesis surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
-ectomy excision (surgical removal or cutting out)
-lysis process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
-pexy surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
-scope instrument used for viewing (also used in diagnostic procedures)
-stomy formation of an opening
-tome an instrument used for cutting
-tomy incision (cutting into tissue)
-tripsy surgical crushing
aden(o) gland
blephar(o) eyelid
angi(o) vessel
append(o), appendic(o) appendix
oste(o) bone
cutane(o), derm(a), dermat(o) skin
cerebr(o), encephal(o) brain
colon(o), col(o) colon / large intestine
tonsill(o) tonsil
mamm(o), mast(o) breast
nephr(o), ren(o) kidney
vas(o) vessel, ductus deferens (also called vas deferens, excretory duct of testicle)
-algia, -dynia pain
-edema swelling
-ectasia, -ectasis dilation or stretching of structure or part
-emesis to vomit, vomiting
-rrhea flow or discharge
-malacia soft, softening
-rrhexis rupture
-megaly enlargement
-spasm twitching, cramp
-oid (forms adj and n) resembling
-stasis stopping, controlling
-penia deficiency
-rrhage, -rrhagia excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
-gram record
-graph an instrument used to record
-graphy the process of recording
-scopy visual examination
ech(o), son(o) sound
tom(o) to cut
ultra- excessive
electr(o) electricity
flour(o) emitting or reflecting light
CT, CAT Computed Tomography, Computed Axial Tomography
CXR Chest X-Ray
Dx Diagnosis
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
ECG, EKG ElectroCardioGram
GI GastroIntestinal
WNL Within Normal Limits
Cancer(o), carcin(o) cancer
path(o) disease
-cele hernia (protrusion of all or part of an organ through the wall that contains it)
-emia condition of the blood
-ia, -iasis condition
-lith stone or calculus
-mania excessive preoccupation
-maniac a person who shows excessive preoccupation
-oma tumor
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear
-ptosis prolapse (sagging)
-osis condition (often abnormal condition, sometimes an increase)
-al, -ary, -eal, -ive, -tic pertaining to
-ous pertaining to or characterized by
-able, -ible capable of, able to
-iac one who suffers
-ase enzyme
-opia vision
-eum, -ium membrane
-ose sugar
-ia, -ism condition or theory
-y state or condition
alb(o), albin(o), leuk(o) / leuc(o) (sometimes) white
chlor(o) green
erythr(o) red
xanth(o) yellow
cyan(o) blue
melan(o) black
hist(o) tissue
pyr(o) fire
muscul(o), my(o) muscle
therm(o) heat
mas(o), rhin(o) nose
pod(o) foot
algesi(o) sensitivity to pain
narc(o) stupor
-therapy treatment
tox(o), toxic(o) poison
Bx biopsy
OD Over Dose
OTC over the counter
Tx Treatment
Created by: xsheehee