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Islam

WHI.8

TermDefinition
Allah It is the name for God in the Muslim faith.
Battle of Tours It is a battle where the Muslims were stopped from penetrating further into Europe. The Christian victor was Charles Martel. This battle kept the Muslims in Spain.
Dome of the Rock A temple built in dedication to Muhammad. It is in Jerusalem at the spot where Muhammad ascended into Heaven.
Five Pillars of Islam They are the five basic responsibilities and beliefs of Islam: 1) Declaration of faith 2) Charity to the poor; alms giving 3) Pray five times a day facing Mecca 4) Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) 5) Fast during the holy month of Ramadan
jihad A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Koran/Qur'an It is the holy text of the Muslim faith.
Mecca It is a holy city of Islam. Muhammad was born here, but his teachings were not immediately accepted here. It is also the direction to which a Muslim must pray.
Medina It is a holy city of Islam. Muhammad fled here from Mecca. It is in this place that he gained a following and his religion began to flourish.
Muhammad He is the founder of Islam and is considered in the Muslim faith to be the last great prophet.
Shi'a It is the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Sufi A Muslim who represents the mystical dimension of Islam
Sunni It is the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
Created by: knowlesjd