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Rome - Terms


Aliens foreigners in ancient Rome
Alps A mountain range that protected the Italian Peninsula from invaders.
Apostles It refers to the twelve chosen by Jesus during the course of his public ministry to be his closest followers and the enlighteners of whole nations.
Aqueducts A water system built in ancient Rome that consisted of intricate waterways above and below ground that carried fresh water to the city.
Assembly A lawmaking body in ancient Rome who represented the plebeian class.
Christianity A religion based off of Judaism and founded by Jesus of Nazareth.
Civil War A war that occurs between two groups of the same nation, empire, or state.
Colosseum A large amphitheater built in ancient Rome. It served as the location for gladiator games, naumachiae (naval battles), executions, and "bread and circuses."
Consuls In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government.
Devaluation This is the value of money going down. This usually happens as a result of inflation.
Forum It served as the center of the city for ancient Rome. It was a market place, a religious center (Pantheon), and civic center as the Twelve Tables were hung in the Forum for all to see.
Inflation It is when the cost of goods go up. This often leads to devaluation of currency.
Martyr A person who dies fighting for their religion.
New Testament The holy text of the Christian faith.
Pantheon A structure in ancient Rome dedicated to the Roman gods. It has a dome (round) on top.
Patricians The upper of the two social classes of ancient Rome.
Pax Romana A period of peace, prosperity, and stability in Rome that lasted about 200 years.
Plebeians The lower of the two social classes of ancient Rome.
Punic Wars A series of three wars between Carthage (Africa) and Rome fought for control of the Mediterranean Sea.
Representative Democracy A government where the law making decisions are made by elected officials who "represent" the population
Roman Empire It replaced the Roman Republic in 27 BC with the rule of Augustus Caesar and divided in AD 395 (Diocletian) into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire
Roman Mythology It was based off of Greek mythology. However, the main difference is the naming of the gods (many of them are names of planets).
Roman Republic It began in 509 BC and ended with the reign of Augustus Caesar who replaced it with the Roman Empire. The government was characterized by a representative democracy.
Romance Languages Languages that are derived from the language of ancient Rome, Latin: French, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Italian
Senate A lawmaking body in ancient Rome that served the interests of the patrician class.
Triumvirate In ancient Rome, a group of three select men who share control of the government. The first triumvirate was made up of Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey. The second triumvirate was made up of Octavian Caesar, Lepidus, and Mark Antony.
Twelve Tables The body of laws for the Roman Republic
Created by: knowlesjd