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Bushido Means “way of the warrior;” it is a collection of rules for a samurai to follow: show reckless courage, reverence for the gods, fairness, and generosity to those weaker than himself.
Civil Service System The hiring of government officials based on merit
Confucianism The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
Dynasty A series of rulers from the same family
Filial piety A characteristic of Chinese society that says you must respect your parents and elders
The Great Wall of China A wall built to keep out northern invaders. The massive structure was completed under the reign of Shi Huangdi of the Qin Dynasty.
Loess The yellow fertile soil that lines the Huang He River.
Mandate of Heaven In Chinese history, it was the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority
Mandate A document giving an official instruction or command
Oracle Bones The ancient Chinese would carve questions into bones or tortoise shells, heat them, and priests would read the answers.
Qin Shi Huangdi Leader of the Qin Dynasty most known for the Great Wall of China and the Terra Cotta Soldiers who protect his tomb.
Samurai Means “one who serves;” name for a Japanese warrior; must follow the code of Bushido.
Shinto(ism) Ethnic religion to Japan; means “way of the gods;” respect nature and worship ancestors.
Shogun Japanese military leader. Though this person is second on the social ladder they have control of the empire (the emperor is a figurehead).
Shang Dynasty The second dynasty of China who used bronze and established the mandate of heaven.
Silk Road A trade route that stretched from China to the Mediterranean Sea. It allowed for the trading of goods and ideas across many cultures.
Taoism A popular Chinese philosophical system that one should live in harmony with nature. It was based in teachings of Lao-tzu but characterized by a pantheism of many gods and the practices of alchemy and divination and magic
Xia Dynasty The legendary first dynasty of China whose story is told through artifacts since there are no written records.
Yin Yang In Chinese thought, the two powers that govern the natural rhythms of life.
Yu the Great He was a legendary ruler in ancient China famed for his inaugurating dynastic rule in China by founding the Xia Dynasty.
Created by: knowlesjd