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Indus Valley & India

WHI.3a-c, 4b-d

Aryans/Indo Aryans-Indo-European nomadic, warlike, pastoralists who replaced Harappan civilization either through integration or conquest
Asoka Ruler of the Mauryan Empire who converted to Buddhism from Hinduism after witnessing massacre. He is credited with sending missionaries into Asia to spread Buddhism.
Buddhism A religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama who preached in following the Eightfold Path in order to attain enlightenment.
Casre System A Hindu social system that controlled every aspect of daily life; class determined occupation and social circle
Eightfold Path Basic rules on how to live a "right" life; similar to the Ten Commandments for Christians and Hebrews.
Four Noble Truths The four basic beliefs taught by Siddhartha Gautama that form the foundation of Buddhism.
Gupta Empire Golden Age of India; ruled through central government but allowed village power; restored Hinduism
Harappa Site of one of India's largest and most prosperous ancient civilizations
Hinduism A religion native to India with no single founder. Derived by a collection of Indo-Aryan beliefs including karma and reincarnation.
Karma The effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
Mauryan Empire The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E. From its capital at Pataliputra in the Ganges Valley it grew wealthy from taxes.
Mohenjo-Daro Indus Valley city laid out in a grid pattern. Had a complex irrigation and sewer system; little is known about the civilization because their writing cannot be deciphered
Monsoons Major winds in the Indian Ocean that blew into India for half the year, and blew away from India for the other half. Helped facilitate trade in the Indian Ocean.
Reincarnation To be reborn
Siddhartha Gautama Founder of Buddhism
Subcontinent A large and distinctive landmass that is a distinct part of some continent
Upanishads Commentaries on the Vedas that are considered sacred texts in the Hindu religion
Vedas One of the most sacred texts of Hinduism
Created by: knowlesjd