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Blood, Lymph & Immune Reverse Defs and Abbreves

hemoglobin a specialized plasma protein containing iron which gives blood its red colour and also carries oxygen to body tissues
edema abnormal accumulation of fluids in the intercellular spaces of the body
hemosiderosis abnormal increases of iron in the blood
leukocytosis abnormal increase of white cells
lymphadenopathy any disease of the lymph nodes
megakaryocyte cell with a large nucleus; fragments become platelets
pernicious anemia chronic, progressive anemia found mostly in people older than the age of 50 due to lack of sufficient vitamin B12 needed for blood cell development
phagocytosis condition of ingesting cells
leukopenia decrease in white blood cells
thrombolysis destruction of clot
hemolytic destruction of RBCs commonly resulting in jaundice
dyspnea difficulty breathing
adenopathy disease of a gland
vertigo dizziness
splenomeagly enlargement of the spleen
autoimmune diease failure of the body to accurately distinguish between what is "self" and what is "non-self"
granulocyte formation of blood cells and platelets in the bone marrow
reticulocyte immature RBCs
folic-acid deficiency anemia inability to produce sufficient red blood cells due to the lack of folic acid, a B vitamin essential for erythropoiesis
transfusion infusion of blood or blood products from one person to another
sickle cell anemia inherited anemia that causes RBCs to become crescent- or sickle-shaped when oxygen levels are low
iron-deficiency ameina lack of sufficient iron in RBCs
monocyte leukocyte that is phagocytic; has a large nucleus
eosinphil leukocyte that protects the body by releasing toxins to destroy harmful invaders
basophli leukocyte that releases histamines and heparin; slightly phagocytic
hematoma localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel
erythrocyte mature red blood cell
phlebotomy obtaining blood for the purpose of testing
immunologist one who specializes in the study of protection
hypochromic pertaining to decrease of colour
thrombocyte platelet; initiates blood clotting
sepsis/septicema presence of bacteria or their toxins in the blood; also called blood poisioning
antibody protective protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of a foreign substance called an antigen
erythema redness of the skin
anemia reduction in the number of circulating red blood cells
myeloid resembling bone marrow
aplastic serious form of anemia associated with bone marrow failure and resulting in erythropenia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia
antigen substance recognized as harmful to the host, that stimulates formation of antibodies in an immunocompetent individual
blood culture test to determine the presence of pathogens in the bloodstream
plasma the liquid portion of blood where blood cells are suspended
neturophil the most numerous white cell, highly phagocytic
morphology the study of shape
viscious thick, sticky
lymphoma tumour of lymph tissue
granulocytes type of white blood cell containing granules; formed in the red bone marrow
agraunlocyte type of white blood cell without granules
lymphocytes white blood cell in blood and lymphatic tissues; provides protection from bacteria
leukocyte white blood cell; prevents invasion of foreign microoganisms
AB, Ab, ab antibody
A, B, AB, O blood types in ABO blood group
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML acute myelogenous leukemia
ANA antinuclear antibody
APC antigen-presenting cell
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time
BMT bone marrow transplant
CBC complete blood count
CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML chronic myelogenous leukemia
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
diff differential count (WBCs)
DVT deep vein thrombosis
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
GVHD graft-versus-host disease
eos eosinophil (type of WBC)
Hb, Hgb hemoglobin
Igs immunoglobulins
MNL mononuclear leukocytes
NK cell natural killer cell
PCP pneumocystic pneumonia
PMN polymorphonuclear
PMNL, poly polymorphonuclear leukocyte
PT prothrombin time
PTT partial thromboplastin time
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RBC, rbc red blood cells
Segs segmented neutrophils
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
WBC, wbc white blood cells
antiserum Blood serum that contains antibodies
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
Created by: lexieeesmith