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# ADV.D06 Ch.15 spec

# ADV.D06 Ch.15 ABGs, IV, Special Collections

Arterial blood gas Test that measures O2, CO2, pH, and HCO3 to evaluate respiratory function
Autologous transfusion Blood transfusion of a patient’s own blood into the patient.
Bacteremia The presence of bacteria in the blood.
Blood culture Blood test that looks for bacteria in the blood
Brachial artery Major artery inb the arm
Cannula A tubular instrument used to obtain venous blood for dialysis or collection
Central intravenous line CVC. Central Venous Catheter.
Femoral artery major artery in the leg
Fever of unknown origin (FUO) Patient has a rise in body temperature without any evidence of the cause.
Fistula Surgical fusion of a vein and and an artery. This is a permanent connection tube for patients undergoing kidney dialysis.
Glucose tolerance test (GTT) Blood sugar test that measure the patient’s ability to tolerate a 100gm challenge of sugar.
Hyperventilation Rapid breathing
Intravenous (IV) catheter An IV is a tubing used to infuse fluids into the patient’s vein. The skin has a needle inserted into the vein and the other end of the tubing has the infusion liquid.
Lactose tolerance test A breath test used to determine if a patient can tolerate milk sugar (lactose).
Modified Allen test A test done before performing a blood gas. This test determines if the patient has collateral circulation in the radial and ulna arteries.
Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) An intravenous tubing used to infuse medications and is used to obtain blood specimens.
Post prandial glucose test (2hr. pp) A glucose test where blood is drawn (usually 2 hours) after a prescribed meal. The test can determine the patient’s ability to tolerate glucose and help diagnose diabetes.
Radial artery Larger of the two arteries in the wrist. The radial is on the side of the thumb.
Septicemia Infection in the blood. This is not just the presence of bacteria. In this case the bacteria are multiplying and causing symptoms.
Sodium polyanethole sulfonate (SPS This is an additive in the yellow top tube used to collect blood for blood cultures. An anticoagulant that reduces the activity of some antibiotics; it inhibits the WBC phagocytosis
Phagocytosis the process of WBC to kill bacteria by engulfing the bacterial particle.
Therapeutic phlebotomy Phlebotomy used to reduce the amount of blood in a patient that has polycythemia.
Polycythemia A condition in which the patient over produces the RBC.
Capillary blood gas Capillary blood collection that measures the oxygen, carbon dioxide and pH of blood.
Gestational diabetes Diabetes that develops during pregnancy
Glucola A sugar drink used in the GTT
Figure 156, Page 467 Shows the typical graph of glucose results in a GTT test
ABGs are transported on... crushed ice
TDM Therapeutic drug monitoring. Test that determines the level of a drug in a patient before (trough level) and after (peak level) it is given.
collateral Next to each other. (side by side)
Trace metals Metals that occur in extremely small amounts. Some tests are for nutritional deficiencies and other for toxic levels of metals.
Tube for trace metals (elements) Tan is used for lead. Royal blue is used for all other trace metals. These tubes are acid washed to remove any metals
Genetic Molecular testing Testing the patient's DNA (genes). The results of a genetic test can confirm or rule out a suspected genetic condition or help determine a person’s chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder
VAD vascular access device
Skin prep for blood cultures (1) 60 sec. scrub with 70% isopropyl; (2) 30 sec. scrub with iodine.
Bottles for blood culture Aerobic (for oxygen loving bacteria) and Anaerobic (for bacteria killed by oxygen). When collecting, fill the aerobic bottle first.
Created by: rjmtoss