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HST303 L15 T

China, Japan & East Asia in World History - Lecture 15: Taiwan

After the Chinese mainland became communist, Taiwan continued to call itself the_____ _____ _____. Republic of China
Taiwan as the Republic of China still used the original _____ _____ beginning in 1912 with the founding of the Republic. republican calendar
Taiwan as the Republic of China used the _____ _____ as the national flag. republican flag
Historically, Taiwan had been inhabited by various aboriginal tribes, who today only make up about __% of the population. 2
The _____ _____ _____ were very difficult to navigate. Straits of Taiwan
The Island of Taiwan had a lot of very challenging terrain, which made it not very desirable for _____ _____ from the mainland. early settlers
The _____ briefly maintained an outpost on Taiwan from 1624 – 1662. Dutch
The Dutch were driven out by Chinese _____. pirates
In 1683 the _____ dynasty defeated the pirates, and Taiwan became part of the Chinese empire for the first time. Qing
Most immigrants to Taiwan then came from the adjacent _____ province. They spoke the Southern Min dialect, which is now known as Taiwanese, and today they make up about ¾ of Taiwan’s population. Fujinan
Hakka Chinese immigrants from southern _____ province make up about 10% of the population. The dialect they speak is also called Hakka. Guangdong
After China was defeated in the Sino-Japanese war in 1895, _____ took over Taiwan as a colony. Japan
After WWII, Taiwan was returned to _____. China
In 1949 Chiang Kai-Sheck and about 2 million republican _____ set up camp in Taiwan. refugees
Until ____ Taiwan/the Republic did not officially recognize the PRC. 1990
Since both the PRC and the Republic of China on Taiwan claimed to be the _____ _____ _____ of China, other countries could only recognize one or the other, and most eventually chose the PRC. sole legal government
The U.S. switched its recognition from Taiwan to the PRC in ____. 1979
This left the Republic of China on Taiwan at least formally _____ isolated, but they had many informal relationships with the rest of the world and countries that officially recognized the PRC. diplomatically
Taiwan became one of the so-called “East-Asian _____ _____”. economic miracles
The government introduced the New Taiwan Dollar (NT) and took measures to control _____ and to put an end to black marketeering. inflation
Inflation went down from __% in 1949 to 8.8% in 1952. 3000
Taiwan’s way to _____ success was quite different from, for example, the Japanese way. economic
Most of Taiwan’s economy was based on small, independent, often _____-_____ firms, most with fewer than 50 employees. family-run
Taiwan’s small firms began to focus mainly on _____ _____. information technology
Taiwan’s small firms outsourced much of the _____ process to cheaper-labor factories in the PRC. manufacturing
Taiwan became the major source of _____ _____ in the PRC after Hong Kong was returned to the PRC in 1997. foreign investment
Created by: silvrwood