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HST303 L11 China

China, Japan & East Asia in World History - Lecture 11: China

QuestionAnswer
China was part of the winning side in WWII, but the country was _____ by war, and conditions did not improve after Japan was defeated. ravaged
The civil war between _____ and _____ continued after WWII. Communists; Nationalists
_____, corruption, and black marketeering continued with the civil war. Inflation
Shortly after the war, the U.S. ambassador managed to arrange talks between _____ and _____ _____-_____. Mao; Chiang Kai-Shek
The U.S. hoped to prevent full-scale _____ _____ and to promote democracy in China. civil war
In autumn 1945, President Truman appointed General _____ __ _____ as Special Envoy to China, where he remained for over a year. George C. Marshall
Upon his return, Marshall expressed hope that the new Chinese constitution might hold, and that the scheduled _____ _____ for 1947 could take place. democratic elections
Marshall expressed concerns that extremists on both sides _____ peace talks and made it impossible to reach a peace settlement. The truce eventually broke. sabotaged
The Soviets had entered the war against Japan just 6 days before the Japanese surrender, but they managed to take over _____. Manchuria
Manchuria remained under Soviet occupation for a _____. year
The Soviets retained control over _____ _____ and the Chinese Eastern Railway until 1954. Port Arthur
The Soviets extracted hundreds of millions of dollars worth of _____ _____ from the regions they controlled. war reparations
Many Chinese were upset about Soviet _____. looting
The Soviet Union supplied enormous amounts of _____ _____ to the Chinese communists. captured weapons
The continued Soviet _____ _____ gave the Chinese communists an additional boost. military presence
Manchuria eventually became the launch pad for the communist military _____ of China. reunification
At the same time as the Soviet supported communist Chinese, the U.S. provided considerable support to the _____. Nationalists
Initially the Nationalist were _____ and better _____ than the communist Red Army. larger; equipped
Nationalists fought a _____, _____ war, and most of the time they were outmaneuvered and defeated. static; defensive
As a result of being outmaneuvered, a great number of Nationalist men and materials were _____ by the communists. captured
In 1948, an American advisor complained that the communists now had more _____ equipment than the Nationalists. U.S.
Mao referred to Chiang Kai-Shek as his _____ _____. supply officer
_____ fell to the communists in January 1949, and from there they proceeded south. Beijing
Chiang Kai-Shek and about 2 million Nationalists retreated onto the island of _____. Taiwan
On October 1, 1949, Mao proclaimed the establishment of the _____ _____ _____ _____. People’s Republic of China
Created by: silvrwood