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HST303 L12 PRC2

China, Japan & East Asia in World History - Lecture 12: The PRC 2

QuestionAnswer
After _____’s death in 1953, China’s relationship with the Soviet Union had deteriorated rapidly. Stalin
Chinese leaders felt that the Soviets were _____ and had betrayed the revolution, while Moscow criticized the ultra-radical Chinese Maoist for their _____. revisionists; extremism
In 1960 the Soviets withdrew all _____ and _____ from China. aid; advisors
China felt more and more threatened by the Soviets, especially for Soviet involvement in Vietnam, and because China and the Soviet Union shared the longest _____ _____ of about 4,150 miles. land border
There were a large number of _____ incidents throughout the 1960s and early 70s. border
Many Chinese leaders saw the _____ as a bigger threat than the U.S. and were prepared for a relaxation of tensions. Soviets
The U.S. had recognized Chiang Kai-Shek’s Republic of China as the only legitimate government of all of China in ____. 1949
There was no direct contact/communication between the U.S. and the PRC, but representatives had met in other countries to discuss issues like exchanges of _____ _____ _____. prisoners of war
President Nixon was ready to relax the relationship with China in the hope of making headway in the _____ _____ against the Soviets and to detract from problems in Vietnam. Cold War
Secret negotiations between the _____ administration and Beijing began in 1971. Nixon
In February ____, Nixon spent a whole week in China. 1972
The problem of both Chinas (PRC and Taiwan) claiming sole legitimacy was sidestepped by the U.S. through a document known as the _____ _____. Shanghai Communiqué
The Shanghai Communiqué stated that Chinese people on the mainland and on Taiwan were in agreement that there is _____ _____ China. only one
The Shanghai Communiqué stated that the U.S. hoped that the issue would be settled _____ by the Chinese themselves. peacefully
The Shanghai Communiqué affirmed U.S. intentions to gradually withdraw U.S. military forces from _____. Taiwan
It was not until ____ that the U.S. switched its recognition of Chinese government from Taiwan to the PRC, but even after that Congress passed the _____ _____ _____ _____, committing the U.S. to a high level of continued support for Taiwan. 1979; New Taiwan Relations Act
Created by: silvrwood