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HST303 L12 GLF

China, Japan & East Asia in World History - Lecture 12: Great Leap Forward

QuestionAnswer
Mao also began to change the _____ _____ for industrialization. Soviet model
Mao believed that industrialization and economic success could be achieved through people power with a mass mobilization of _____ _____ rather than through introducing new _____, _____ investment, and elitist _____ planning, as the Soviet Union. popular enthusiasm; technology; capital; technocratic
Mao believed that sufficiently motivated and determined people could achieve supposedly _____ goals. impossible
Mao’s faith in the capacity of human willpower became the basis of the _____ _____ _____ initiative, which began in 1958. Great Leap Forward
The Great Leap Forward was meant to achieve China’s transition to genuine communism with newly organized rural people’s _____ as the basic organizational unit in the countryside. communes
The terms that were used within these communes were very _____. militaristic
Farmers were put into production _____, divided into _____, and supervised by _____. brigades; platoons; battalions
Women also joined the labor force, and household chores were largely taken care of by collective _____ and _____ _____. nurseries; mess halls
Soon the flaws in collective, communal living became apparent and _____ struck. disaster
One example was the _____ _____ _____ _____, intended to double China’s steel and iron production within a year. Back Yard Steel Furnaces
It is estimated that up to 90 million people had been recruited to participate in some way or other in this process—be it through collecting _____ _____, working in the _____, or cutting wood/logging. scrap metals; furnaces
Since _____ planning had been denounced, and most people had no expertise or experience in _____ _____, the project failed miserably. coordinated; steel production
People were working with _____ equipment. They were producing low-quality output, and the environmental damage caused through _____ and soil _____ to run these furnaces was enormous. improvised; deforestation; erosion
_____ disaster struck at the same time. Agricultural
Private ownership had been forbidden by this time, and many farmers killed their _____ and ate it rather than handing it over to the collective. livestock
Many saw little incentive to work hard on _____ farms. communal
Farmers had been misled by propaganda that from now on there would be _____, and they were often preoccupied by other _____ campaigns, such as the steel furnaces. overproduction; mobilization
As a result of overwhelming farmers, crop was left to rot in places, and too much faith was put into new _____ planting methods, which were environmentally problematic and often just yielded mediocre results. deep
A Maoist campaign to kill _____ as a pest caused huge plagues of insects, which previously had been eaten by the _____. sparrows; sparrows
Even in the year of the implementation of the Great Leap Forward, serious _____ were obvious already. shortages
Things only became worse in the following years. Between 1958 – 1962, 18 – 42 million people died, many of _____ and others of violence. malnutrition
The numbers available vary enormously, are very imprecise, and can only be estimated because records were often inaccurate and some only counted famine/malnutrition victims, and not those who _____ ______ or died of other forms of violence. committed suicide
Mao lashed out at his _____, which inspired false reports of success, too. critics
Communication was still really feeble at this time—there were barely any _____ connections/lines, and virtually no _____. telephone; television
At the time, few of the _____ seemed to comprehend the extent of the disaster. leaders
Even as millions of people were starving to death, Mao purged his own _____ _____ as a bourgeois element for suggesting that the Great Leap Forward policy was violating the basic laws of economics. defense minister
The defense minister was right, but finally Mao had to give in and very unhappily approved some _____ _____. corrective measures
Created by: silvrwood