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HST303 L12 PRC

China, Japan & East Asia in World History - Lecture 12: PRC 1

QuestionAnswer
The new People’s Republic of China cultivated a relationship with the _____ _____. Soviet Union
In December 1949, Mao Zedong went to Moscow to attend Stalin’s ____ _____ celebrations. 70th birthday
In Moscow, Mao felt he wasn’t treated well enough, despite the fact that he received a ____ _____ _____. $300 million loan
With a loan to Mao, a short period of Soviet _____ to China began. assistance
The priority was to _____ _____ after decades of war and warlordism, which had led to national disintegration. restore order
A national currency, _____, was introduced, fixed commodity prices were established, and _____ was brought under control. Yuan; inflation
The communists were not content with _____ the status quo. They wanted to instill a _____ _____ _____. restoring; Marxist social revolution
The problem was that the communist victory of 1949 had much to do with mass mobilization through popular sentiments of _____ _____, such as saving China from foreign threats, imagined and real. patriotic nationalism
Most early Chinese communists had been _____ _____, often even abroad, but by 1949, most party members and cadres were _____ _____ and knew very little about the world outside of China. well educated; poorly educated
They adapted communist theory to fit Chinese circumstances, and they described China as a _____-_____ and _____-_____ society. semi-feudal; semi-colonial
Their solution to the problem was to drive out foreign, _____ exploiters, and have peasants rise up against their _____ and confiscate and redistribute the land. imperialistic; landlords
The problem with taking the land from the landlords was that a good number of Chinese actually owned their own plots, and there had been little class difference based on _____ in many communities. wealth
Class categories, which were now forcefully applied, were often arbitrary because they did not fit specific _____ situations. local
After the land redistribution, the land initially remained _____ property. private
Ironically, the communists used much the same method of _____ _____ that the Americans had used in South Korea and Japan to make things more fair and discourage the appeal of _____. land redistribution; communism
Mao was impatient to implement the transition to complete socialism, and when land redistribution was finished in 1952 socialist _____ was his new goal. industrialization
The Soviet Russian model for development of _____ _____ was adopted. heavy industry
The Soviet model of heavy industry was based on _____ planning and implemented through __-_____ plans as used by the Soviets. centralized; 5-year
The first of the 5-year plans was implemented in ____. 1953
_____ from Mao China are often unreliable. Statistics
There does not seem to have been much real _____. industrialization
Mao visited Moscow once again in 1957 for the 40th anniversary of the _____ _____. Bolshevik Revolution
Mao saw _____ as being successfully on the rise. communism
Mao’s positive evaluation of communism was also mixed with a certain _____ spirit with the Soviets. competitive
Just after the launch of the Soviet space satellite Sputnik, the Soviets had announced that in __ years they would overtake the U.S. economically, so Mao soon made the same claim for China and Great Britain. 15
Created by: silvrwood