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Global 9 Ch 1

Global History 9 Chapter 1

prehistory the period of time before people invented systems of writing
archaeology the study of the ways of life of early peoples through examination of their physical remains or artifacts
artifact objects made by people (tools, pottery, clothing)
historians study how people lived in the past
technology refers to the skills and tools people use to meet their basic needs
latitude measures the distance north and south of the Equator
longitude measures the distance east and west of the Prime Meridian (Imaginary line that runs through Greenwich, England)
nomad person whom wander from place to place as they follow animals and search for food
glacier thick sheets of ice
Neolithic Age period of time when people changed from hunter-gatherers (nomads) to domestication of animals and planted crops which led to a food surplus, population increase and cities
Skara Brae earliest Neolithic village on Orkney Island with shelters
bureaucracy a system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
polytheistic belief in many gods
artisans skilled craftworker, who made pottery or finely carved woven
empire is a group of states or territories controlled by a ruler
steppes less fertile, dry grassland
cultural diffusion the spread of ideas, customs and technologies from one people to anther
city-state political unit that included a city and its surrounding lands and villages
Effects of the Rise of River Valley complex job specialization, arts developed, writing invented