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Mod B Unit 1

Review

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of the synergist muscle? stabilize movement
Tendons attach what muscle to bone
What muscle type is striated and has intercalated discs cardiac
What attaches the calf muscle to the heal achilles tendon
An example of isometric muscle movement is pushing
The chemical released to stimulate muscle contraction is ACH/Acetycholine
What type of muscle contraction is abnormal (i.e. muscle spasm) tetany
A muscle ____________________ is a fixed attachment and does not move. origin
The characteristic of irritability in a muscle tissue refers to the ability to respond to stimulation
Where the muscle fiber and the nerve ending meet is called neuromuscular junction
When naming muscles, the term “quad” represents what number of attachments four
When muscle runs out of energy, a waste product causes the tired and sometimes burning feeling of muscle fatigue. This waste is lactic acid
The diagnostic procedure that records the strength of a muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation to that muscle is EMG
Anaerobic means without O2
Skeletal muscles require energy to move, and they receive this energy from ATP
What is the term used to describe skeletal muscle loss by the aging population sarcopenia
What is Myasthenia gravis asthenia
When the stomach or intestines bulge through a weakness in the muscular wall, it is referred to as hernia
Tetanus is caused by the organism closteridium tetani
What is a muscle and tendon inflammation called fibromyositis
Trichinosis is caused by a parasite
A lateral S curve of the spine is scoliosis
Fibrous bands of tissue that attach bone to bone are ligaments
An inflammatory joint disease believed to be autoimmune in nature that normally occurs in a population aged 20 to 45 years is RA
A traumatic injury to a joint involving the soft tissue (muscles, ligaments, and tendons) is a sprain
A joint disease characterized by degenerative articular cartilage and a wearing down of the bones’ edges at the joint is osteoarthritis
Softening of bone caused by a loss of minerals from the bony matrix as a result of vitamin D deficiency is osteomalacia
A compression injury that manifests itself as fluctuating pain, numbness, and paresthesia of the hand caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist is CTS
A procedure that records the electrical activity of muscles is EMG
A disorder characterized by musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, muscle stiffness and spasms, and sleep disturbances is fibromyalgia
Visual examination of a joint is arthroscopy
The “stenosis” in spinal stenosis refers to an abnormal condition of narrowing
Surgical puncture of a joint is arthrocentesis
Overstretching or overuse of a muscle or tendon is a strain
Loss of bone mass resulting in the bones being fragile and at risk for fractures is osteoporosis
A bone that is partially out of its joint is a subluxation
The medical term for loss of bone mass is osteoporosis
The medical term for degenerative joint disease is osteoarthritis
The medical term for infection of bone and bone marrow is osteomyelitis
The medical term for an autoimmune type of arthritis is ____________________ arthritis. rheumatoid
The medical term for lower back pain is lumbago
listhesis slipping
arthr/o,articulo joint
centisis surgical puncture/removal of fluid
chondr/o cartilage
spondyl/o vertebra
my/o muscle
po by mouth
pt patient
prn as needed
pc after meals
qd every day
qid 4x a day
qod every other day
Rx take
sc/sq sub q
s with a line over it without
sx symptoms
s/s signs and symptoms
stat immediatly
SOB shortness of breath
tab tablet
TPR temp, pulse, resp
VS vital signs
gtt drops
guttat drop by drop
gtts drops
H and P history & physical
HR heart rate
qh every hour
hr hour
hs hour sleep
tid three times a day
ii two
i one
Created by: pdeal
 

 



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