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HST303 L10 JMC

China, Japan & East Asia in World History - Lec 10: Japan's Military Campaign

Dependent on import of _____, _____, and machine tools oil; iron
1938 – ______ _____ _____ – put all economic resources under government control National Mobilization Act
Rationing of _____, _____, _____, _____, and _____ were introduced. gasoline; rice; matches; sugar; charcoal
1940 – _____ on sales of non-essential goods ban
Individual clothing replaced with people’s _____ uniforms
1941 – U.S., U.K., and the Netherlands imposed economic sanctions on Japan, most importantly an embargo on _____ and _____ _____. oil; scrap metal
1940 – __% of Japanese oil supply had come from U.S. 80
Japan had been fighting a war against China for 5 years already, & oil rich _____ _____ was seen as an alternative by Japan as Japanese oil supplies were dwindling, & the U.S. was beginning a massive military build up. Dutch Java
Japan thought their best chance of victory would lie in ____ soon striking
December 7, 1941 – attack on U.S. Pacific Fleet in _____ _____ Pearl Harbor
Dec 1941 – Japanese invasion of British _____ Malaya
____ _____ fell on Christmas Day. Manila declared open city on Dec 26. _____ fell Feb 8, 1942. Hong Kong; Singapore
March 9 – Java surrendered, giving the Japanese plenty of access to _____, _____, and _____. oil; rubber; and tin
Talk of a possible invasion of British India and of evacuating northern _____ began to circulate. Australia
Japan needed a few more victories because Japan wanted to form a ring of _____ _____ to ward off allied counteroffensive island fortresses
By luck, all U.S. _____ _____ had escaped Pearl Harbor attack by being out at sea at the time aircraft carriers
Turning point at _____ _____, June 1942. Massive naval air battle: 4 Japanese, 1 U.S. aircraft carriers sunk Midway Island
Created by: silvrwood