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Modern East Asia Ch8

Modern East Asia - Chapter 8

The rejection of Japan’s proposed “_____ _____ _____,” plus heightened discrimination against Asians in North America, reminded East Asian people that they remained, in European and American eyes, racially inferior and irremediably alien. Racial equality clause
_____ could function as a unifying ideology—as it did on March 1 and May 4, 1919—but it also created conditions for division and conflict. Nationalism
The Russian Revolution of 1917, and the founding of the Comintern to encourage world revolution, broadcast the utopian vision of _____ and the inevitability of _____ struggle Socialism; Class
By 1925, Japan, China, and Korea all had Communist parties, though _____ repression prevented any effective organization in the Korean colony Japanese
In the 1920s, East Asian nationalists thus had to choose whether to support _____, moderate nationalist movements, or left -wing movements, including the Communist parties and Wang Jingwei’s left wing of the GMD. Militarists
Japanese, Chinese, and Korean students met at _____ schools and universities, where they were all exposed to both conservative and radical political ideas and had to choose how to use their hard-won educations in their own societies Japanese
Korea’s Sin’ganhoe attempted to bridge the political gaps but failed under _____ repression and internal _____. Police; strife
Korean and Chinese _____, observing Japan’s apparent unity and strength of purpose in the world, attempted to build those same qualities at home Nationalists
Hu Shi advocated the _____ as the language of the Chinese nation; and under the Cultural Policy after 1920, Koreans of all political persuasions could unite in research and standardization of their native Korean. Vernacular
After studying in Japan, Lu Xun wrote modern stories attacking _____ tradition, while Yi Kwangsu’s groundbreaking modern novels introduced Koreans to _____. and free choice as essential personal qualities Chinese; individualism
In both China and Korea, modern ideas—translated or adapted from Europe and America—arrived initially as translations from the _____. Japanese
An indirect economic connection among the three societies lay in their rising rates of rural _____. Tenancy
Although parts of China did not experience it, this phenomenon was widespread enough that observers noted immiseration of the peasantry and concentration of landholdings as characteristic of _____-_____ agricultural systems in general. Rice-growing
In Japan, _____ strengthened the left -wing movement and encouraged colonial emigration, but later, in the 1930s, it also provided fodder for military conscription, the rural army recruits who obediently expanded and defended the empire. Tenancy
Korean tenant farmers might flee to Manchuria, but they could also join the _____ police force, an important means of upward mobility as well as repression. Imperial
Guangdong tenant farmers might have joined Peng Pai’s Peasant Association, but they could also have been caught up in _____ conscription Warlord
In all three cultures, tenant farmers’ daughters & sons made up a significant part of the new industrial labor force, moving to cities to work for wages, perhaps joining a _____, &certainly experiencing a totally different rhythm of life. union
Th e 1920s brought a new wave of modernity to the cities of East Asia, with its icons of daring and innovation—the Modern Girl and Modern Boy, the New Woman, the movie star, and the international _____. Businessman
Shanghai and Tokyo became the emblems of shocking, experimental cultures, where Coney Island coexisted with Confucius, while repressed _____ only slowly became a cosmopolitan modern city. Seoul/Keijō
At the same time, all three cultures remained overwhelmingly _____, and the trendy elites knew that they represented only a tiny minority. Agricultural
The 1929 stockmarket crash and Great Depression affected all three societies by eliminating their _____ markets, weakening their currencies, and throwing them back on their _____ resources. Overseas; own
Created by: silvrwood