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Terminology Short List

ankyl/o stiffness, bent, crooked
arthr/o joint
brachi/o arm
cervic/o neck, cervix uteri
clavicul/o clavicle
cost/o ribs
dactyl/o fingers, toes
faci/o face
fasci/o band, fascia
femor/o femur
humer/o humerus
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina
lord/o curve, swayback
metacarp/o metacarpus
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
myos/o muscle
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
patell/o patella
ped/i foot, child
ped/o foot, child
pelv/i pelvis
pod/o foot
rachi/o spine
radi/o radiation, x-ray, radius
rhabdomy/o rod-shaped (striated) muscle
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh
scoli/o crooked, bent
spondyl/o vertebrae
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
thorac/o chest
tibi/o tibia
-ad toward
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-ar pertaining to
-asthenia weakness, debility
-blast embryonic cell
-clasia to break, surgical repair
-clasis to break, surgical repair
-clast to break, surgical repair
-cyte cell
-desis binding, fixation
-dynia pain
-eal pertaining to
-ectomy excision, removal
-graph instrument for recording
-iatry medicine, treatment
-ia condition
-ic pertaining to
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-kinesia movement
-logist specialist in the study of
-malacia softening
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition, increase
-pexy fixation
-physis growth
-plasty surgical repair
-ptosis prolapse, downward, displacement
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
-scopy visual examination
-spasm involuntary contraction, twitching
-tomy incision
-trophy development, nourishment
-um structure, thing
a-, an- without, not
brachy- short
cine- movement
dys- bad, painful, difficult
epi- above, upon
inter- between
mega- enlargement
meta- change, beyond
micro- small
quadri- four
sub- under, below
supra- above, access, superior
sym- union, together, joined
syn- union, together, joined
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
BE below the elbow
BK below the knee
C1, C2... first cervical vertebrae, second cervical vertebrae....
Ca calcium
DEXA, DXA dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
DJD degenerative joint disease
DO Doctor of Osteopathy
EMG electromyography
Fx fracture
HD hip disarticulation
HNP herniated nucleus pulposus
HP hemipelvectomy
IM intramuscular
IS intracostal spine
IV intravenous
L1, L2... first lumbar vertebrae, second lumbar vertebrae...
LS lumbosacral spine
MG myasthenia gravis
MRI magnetic reasonance imaging
MS musculoskeletal
NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
ORTH, ortho orthopedics
P phosphorus
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RF rheumatoid factor
ROM range of motion
S1, S2 first sacral vertebrae, second sacral vertebrae...
SD shoulder disarticulation
T1, T2 first thoracic vertebrae, second vertebrae...
THA total hip arthroplasty
THR total hip replacement
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
TRAM transverse rectus abdominis muscle
rhabdo rod-shaped
Created by: lexieeesmith



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