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worldstudies midterm

vocabulary and other stuff that we have learned this year in World Studies

QuestionAnswer
latitude- distance north or south of the equator
longitude- distance east or west of the Prime Meridian
nomad- Someone who moves from place to place frequently.
polytheism- Worshipping many gods.
monotheism- Worshipping one God.
artisan- a skilled craftworker
empire- a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
cultural diffusion- the spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another.
delta- triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers.
pharaoh- thought to be an egyptian God in human form, this was the egyptian king
silt- rich soil carried by flooding rivers
mummification- Ancient egyptians wrapped their pharaohs so they would be preserved and protected forever.
papyrus- leaves used to write on in ancient times
hieroglyphics- writing using pictures
ziggurat- pyramid-temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of an ancient Sumarian city-state
cuneiform- oldest known form of writing
barter economy- a system in which one set of goods or services is exchanged for another
colony- territory settled and ruled by people from another land
prophet- a spiritual leader believed to be interperting God's will
diaspora- The scattering of the Jewish people from their homeland in Palestine
monsoon- the rainy season in the eastern part of the globe
caste- in ttraditional Indian society, unchangable social group into which a person is born
scribe- a person whose job was to read and write
glacier- a huge sheet of ice moving across the water
shaduf- ancient device used to carry water from one place to another
torah- Jewish holy book
reincarnation- the belief of being reborn
trickle down economics- government spending money on big companies, like GM, hoping that it will trickle down into the common people
zionism- zionism was a worldwide Jewish movement that resulted in the establishment and development of the state of Israel.
nirvana- a state where someone is harmony with nature so they will not be reborn
electoral college- when everyone in a state votes and the representitives vote for the president that won the majority vote
karma- the belief that what comes around, goes around, so if you do good things, good things will happen to you
5 themes/examples, location and place- location-relative-about where you are (I am a little south of Portland by about one mile), absolute-exact location on a map (I am in Scarborough at 43.578N, -70.322W, place-human and physical characteristics-any mountains in the area or clothes they wear
5 themes/examples, Human environmental interaction, movement- HEI-humans adapt to the environment, they modify on the it, and they depend on it (to cut down trees impacts env, hurricanes impact humansmovement-how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another (ideas and fashions move from place to place)
5 themes/examples, region- region-formal regions-defined by governmental boundaries (United States), and physical boundaries (rocky mountains) functional region-defined by a function (newspaper area) vernacular region-loosely defined by people's perception (the south, middle east)
globalization-India, China, Walmart, Pro/Con- People in India and China are getting jobs from companies in America like being a phone receptionist teaching to kids in America. Walmart doing this also. Many Americans don't have jobs because Walmart is offering their jobs to foriegn people instead.
obesity/fast food- fast food is leading to obesity because people go out to eat and then they never exercise and try to burn off the fat. The people that are obese go out to eat almost everyday
pirates- the pirates are in Samalia and they are hijacking oil tankers and holding the hostage until they are paid for the tankers
Israel/Palestine- The conflict with Israel/Palestine began when the Israelis were forced to move out of their homeland, Palestine
consumerism- consumerism is a modern movement for the protection of the consumer against useless, inferior, or dangerous products, misleading advertising, unfair pricing
terrorism- terrorism is the use of violence and threats to intimidate for political purpose
agricultural revolution impact- agricultural revolution was when people in the neolthic age learned to farm. The impacts of it are that we now know how to farm and this is how we get a lot of our food.
paleiolithic age/neolithic age differences- in the paleiolithic age they did not know how to farm and they were usually polytheistic. In the neolithic age they found out how to farm and some groups of people were starting to become monotheistic
middle east first civilizations-who, where- who-these were the mesopotamians, they were between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
egypt-pyramids- The egyptians built pyramids because the pharaohs wanted to leave their mark on the world after they died
mesopotamia-fertile crescent- The Fertile Crescent is a region in the Near East, incorporating the Levant and Mesopotamia, and often extended to Egypt. Mesopotamia is considered the Cradle of civilization and saw the development of the earliest human civilizations
features of civilization/8 features/ what were they? what examples do the civilizations have?- 8 features-city, government, religion, public works, social classes, reading and writing, job specialization, and arts and architecture. A government was required to lead the people and aid in organizing a city
hebrews-ancient land- the hebrew's ancient land was in Israel/Palestine at about 1000 B.C.
judaism- judaism-the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the Talmud.
UN partition- Resolution 181 was a plan approved by the General Assembly on November 29, 1947 to terminate the British Mandate of Palestine by August 1, 1948, and facilitate the creation of two states, one Jewish and one Arab.
six day war- a war between the Israelis and 5 other countries, China,
China-silk road- The chinese built the silk road bot only to trade silk for other goods, but to expand themselves and see if there were any more people out in the world
India-caste system- The caste system was a system where there were many different social classes. The bottom class was the untouchable class. They had to carry a bell and ring it when they were clse to upper class people and the people would stay as far away as they could
Hinduism/Buddhism, founding- Hinduism-this had no one real founder. Many people founded it. Buddhism-this was founded by Buddha
Hinduism/Buddhism, beliefs- Hinduism-believe in sheeba the destroyer, brahma the creator, vishnu the preserver, and shakti-the creator and destroyer and karma and moksha. Buddhism-believe in the 4 nolble truths, the eight fold path, and nirvana
Hinduism/Buddhism, Gods- Hinduism-this is a polytheistic religion Buddhism-they believe in Buddha, the founder
Hinduism/Buddhism, afterlife- Hinduism-theybelieve that the get reborn when they die. They try to get to moksha which is when their soul is at rest and they are not reborn Buddhism-same thing with Buddhism except it is calle nirvana instead of moksha
confucianism- the founder was confucious. he belived that people were naturally good, and in filial piety (respect for parents) five relationships-father to son, older brother to younger sister, husband to wife, ruler to subject, and friend to friend
legalism- The founder was Hanfeizi who died in 233 B.C. he would pass strict laws and enforce them with harsh punishments.
daoism- The founder was Laozi or "old master" said to have "lived without leaving any traces" Dao means "the way" they also practice alchemy which is trying to transform metal into gold
mayan-where- The mayans settled in Central America at the southern most part of Mexico from about 300 A.D.-about 900 A.D.
mayan-beliefs- The mayans believed in many gods. Their overpowering God was the sun god.
world tree- a religious tree that stretches through the three worlds, underworld (devil), middle world (earth), and the upper world (gods)
pok-ol-pok- ancient mayan game where they take a rubber ball and try to get it a hoop high on a wall. The losing team's captain was killed.
mayan-collapse- The mayans collapsed because of over farming, the soil ran out of nutrients so they couldn't feed themselves anymore
inca- They settled where the Andes Mountains were from the 1400's A.D.-1535 A.D. This is also where modern day Peru is
aztec- They settled right west of the mayans in Mexico from the 1200's A.D.-1521 A.D.
What role did geography play in the coming of civilizations? Most civilizations settled near water in rivers or lakes. This is because there was more food by the lakes and rivers and there were also fish in the lakes and rivers
What impact has religion had on the various civilizations we have seen? why is religion a key element of civilization? Religion has had a huge impact because people would sacrifice other people to their gods because they were worshipping those gods. It is also a key element in civilization because people spend time worsipping and praying to their God or gods.
What key advancements were made during the time periods we have looked at? The key advancements were that in the neolithic age, people learned how to farm, so they stayed one place for a longer time. In the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca periods people learned how to build tools and make more advancements in medicine.
election 2008- Barak Obama won against John Mccain. He becomes the first african-american president ever
recession-what? why?- a recession is the act of receding or withdrawing like our economy is doing right now. It is happening because the house market went up too fast so they were overpriced so people took out too many loans to buy a house and they were not paying them off
Created by: clanglois3