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Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology chapter 2

iatr/o physician; medicine (also mean treatment)
eti/o cause ( of disease)
onc/o tumor; mass
-pathy disease
-gen substance or agent that produces or causes
dia- through; complete
dys- painful; abnormal; difficult; labored
hypo- below; incomplete; deficient; under
xanth/o yellow
-megaly enlargement
-genic producing; originating; causing
-oma tumor; swelling
neur/o nerve
sarc/o flesh; connective tissue
viscer/o internal organs
chrom/o color
erythr/o red
-oid resembling
-osis abnormal condition (means increase when used with blood cell word roots)
-plasia condition of formation; development; growth
-al, -ic, -ous pertaining to
pro- before
-cyte cell
meta- after; beyond, changes
rhabd/o rod-shaped; striated
somat/o body
cyt/o cell
epitheli/o epithelium
leuk/o white
hist/o tissue
lei/o smooth
kary/o nucleus
path/o disease
cancer/o, carcin/o cancer
melan/o black
chlor/o green
cyan/o blue
fibr/o fiber
organ/o organ
lip/o fat
gno/o knowledge
neo- new
hyper- above; excessive
-logist one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)
aden/o gland
system/o system
my/o muscle
-logy study of