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WHI.3 Egypt

TermDefinition
Old Kingdom Period in ancient Egyptian history characterized by the building of the Great Pyramids at Giza; first kingdom after unification between Upper and Lower Egypt
Namer/Menes king who united Upper and Lower Egypt; created the double crown
Monarchy government headed by a king or queen
Pyramid immense, triangular structures that served as resting places for Egyptian kings (pharaohs) after death
Pharaoh an Egyptian god king who was thought to be as powerful and splendid as the gods of the heavens
Empire form of government that unites different territories and peoples under one ruler
Ahmose pharaoh during the New Kingdom who removed the Hyksos from the region
Thutmose III Stepson of Hatshepsut; considered the greatest Pharaoh of the New Kingdom; expanded empire to include Syria and Nubia
Nefertiti wife of Akhenaten who supported his monotheistic beliefs
Polytheism belief in more than one god
Book of the Dead collection of prayers and spells said to help in the afterlife
Middle Kingdom 2050 BC. - 1800 BC.; A time of stability in Egypt: built irrigation projects and canals; capital was moved to Thebes
Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family/lineage
Theocracy a government in which rule is based on religious authority
Hyksos Invading group known for their use of chariots; conquered Lower Egypt, but were defeated by Ahmose
Thebes capital of Egypt during the Middle Kingdom
Hieroglyphics An Egyptian system of writing that used pictures to represent sounds and ideas
Abraham father of Judaism
Solomon (Old Testament) son of David and king of Israel noted for his wisdom (10th century BC) and building of the Great Temple
Exodus enslaved Hebrews were led out of Egypt by Moses
Moses man who led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt; received the Ten Commandments
Monotheism belief in one god
Hatshepsut Challenged Egyptian way of life by becoming the first female sole pharaoh. Throne was taken by step son who is rumored to have killed her.
Akhenaten/Amenhotep IV Pharaoh who attempted to turn Egypt monotheistic by worshipping only Aten. Changed name to Akhenaten to reflect his beliefs.
Ramses II Historically accepted as the greatest pharaoh of Egypt; created massive building projects; created the first ever recorded peace treaty with the Hittites; believed to be the pharaoh during the Exodus
Created by: knowlesjd