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WHI3Fertile Crescent

TermDefinition
Mesopotamia first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture
Semites ancient peoples of the Near East, from whom the Israelites are descended
Ziggurat a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected in the Fertile Crescent; used for religious, economic, and political purposes
Flax plant from which linen is made
Stylus a pointed tool used by scribe for writing, drawing, or engraving
Fertile Crescent a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
Hammurabi Babylonian king, created written law code using concept of "an eye for an eye"
Nebuchadnezzar king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia; created the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
City-state a city and its surrounding lands that act as a government
Cuneiform written wedge shaped writing in Mesopotamia
Hammurabi's Code first written law code of the Fertile Crescent; "eye for an eye"
Babylonians an ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 B.C. and fell to the Persians in 539.
Bureaucracy a system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of government
Sargon I Akkadian king who created the world's first empire of Mesopotamia
Gilgamesh a legendary Sumerian king who was the hero of an epic collection of mythic stories
Polytheism belief in more than one god
Barter to trade one good for another
Centralized government a government in which a central authority controls the running of a state.
Irrigation supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc
Pictogram the earliest forms of writing in which pictures represent words
Alphabet Phonecian writing system
Created by: knowlesjd