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Prehistory

WHI.2 a-d

TermDefinition
Migration the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
Economy the production and distribution of goods and services in a society
Archaeologist a person who studies the past by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts
Paleolithic a person who studies the past by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts
Homo Sapiens The species name for modern humans
Homo Habilis species of hominid who was the first to develop tools and weapons; "handy man"
Homo Erectus Hominid who was believed to have walked completely upright like modern people do, called "Upright Man".
Cro-Magnon The very first of the species "homo sapiens" that lived in Europe and made cave art
Neanderthal lived 200,000 - 30,000 years ago during the Paleolithic Era, wore animals hides, powerfully built, made shelters, tools like scrapers and blades, had ritual burial rites
Mesolithic middle part of the Stone Age beginning about 15,000 years ago
Carbon-dating a chemical analysis used to determine the age of organic materials based on their content of the radioisotope carbon-14
Nomad a member of a highly mobile people who move place to place in search of food, water, and shelter
Clan group of people related by blood or marriage
Cave art Early form of communication found in Paleolithic Age
Agriculture The raising of crops and animals for human use; also called farming
Domestication the taming of animals for human use, such as work or as food
Neolithic New Stone Age; last of the Stone Ages; developed agriculture, domestication, pottery, weaving, and advanced tools
Stonehenge prehistoric monument located in England consisting of megaliths in a circle; began in the New Stone Age but was finished in the Bronze Age
Civilization a society with advanced technology, record keeping, complex institutions, advanced cities, and specialized labor
Eurasia the land mass formed by the continents of Europe and Asia
Hominid human or other creature that walks upright
Artifact a man made object that could give clues to the past
Technology ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet human needs
Created by: knowlesjd