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First Aid (36)

Dyspnea and Wheezing classic signs of an asthma attack
Oxygen is prescribed as a treatment (Dr. orders)
Abdominal thrusts should be continuing repeatedly until the object is dislodged or the pt collapse
A blind finger sweep may lodge the object further down the throat.
Airway must be open when performing CPR
Brachial artery the effective pressure site to use is the arm if bleeding apply pressure then elevate about heart level
If the skin is not broken clean the area and watch for signs of infection
Tetanus boosters are given ever 10 years
Friction may what destroy cells and tissue
ABC fire extinguishers put out cloth, paper, plastic, rubber, flammable liquid and electrical fires
Black tarry stool can indicate internal bleeding
you use tweezers to remove a ticks entire body
Pt with clear drainage may have head trauma; should be seen right away
Asystole a flat line on the ECG; that indicates no electrical activity of the myocardium (dead); absence of heart beat
Valium can be used in emergency situations to stop seizures activity
Seizures Do Not restrict movement or put anything in their mouth
Syrup of ipecac causes induced vomiting
Frostbitten body parts immerse them in warm water
Carotid pulse easily palpated pulse on an Adult
Brachial pulse easily palpated on an Infant
Lidocaine (Xylocaine) local anesthesia
Heating pads increases blood flow to the site
Arrhythmia irregularity in the heart rhythm
If the MA is unsure PT is experiencing hyper/hypoglycemia give glucose tablets with known amount of glucose not juice of candy
stroke a cerebrovascular accident
sprains tears of the ligament that support a joint
cyanosis blue coloration of the mucous membranes and body extremities cause by lack of oxygen
Ecchymosis bruising (hemorrhagic skin discoloration)
Hematuria blood in the urine
Idiopathic pertaining to a disease or condition that has no known cause
Mediastinum space in the center of the chest under the sternum
Myocardium the muscular lining of the heart
Photophobia abnormal sensitivity to light
Syncope fainting
Hypothermia a drop in body temp
Myocardial infarction heart attack; damages the myocardium muscle
Anaphylactic serve allergic reaction
Avulsion injury which tissue is torn (complete or partial removal of a finger)
Anticoagulant Medications extend bleeding time; therefore if the wound is bad, the pt is a risk for losing blood
Too much insulin dangerously lowers the blood glucose level and may result in insulin shock
Epistaxis Nose bleed
If the victim cannot make any sound or limited sounds then the airway is either partly or completely blocked and abdominal compressions should be started to dislodge the object
Signs/ symptoms of MI in women back pain or aching, throbbing in biceps or forearms, SOB, clammy perspiration, dizziness
Shock can be caused by excessive bleeding
Heat stroke a serious heat related injury; Pt have flushed dry skin and faster pulse. no longer able to sweat
Strain soft tissue injury to the muscles supporting a joint
polydipsia excessive thirst
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) temporary neurological symptoms cause by gradual or partial occlusion of a cerebral blood vessel
Insulin shock severe hypoglycemia caused by an overdose of insulin
Details of any interaction with a pt must be documented in the medical record both for communication and risk management purposes
Doing exercise can cause drop in blood sugar level
Diaphoresis profuse excretion of sweat
Epinephrine causes vasoconstriction
Pt's BP will drop if they are in shock
Lanoxin helps strengthen myocardial contractions
Hypovolemic or Hemorrhogic shock excessive loss of loss
Cardiogenic Shock myocardial infraction pulmonary embolism or severe congestive heart failure
Airway obstruction causes respiratory distress, respiratory at rest and the cardiac collapse
Neurogenic shock dilation of blood vessels as a result of brain or spinal cord injury
Contusion closed wound skin remains intake w/ no evidence of injury to skin.
Abrasion scrape on the surface of the skin
Septic shock system infection
Laceration deeper, more jagged wound.
Puncture wound occurs when an objects forced into the body
System infection septic shock
Nitroglycerin given sublingual for chest pains
Diabetic coma the blood glucose rises to a dangerous level; stress and illness typically cause hyperglycemia
Emetic substances that causes vomiting
Fibrillation rapid random ineffective contractions of the heart
Necrosis the death of cells or tissue
Thrombolytics agents that dissolve blood clots
Psychogenic or mental shock excessive fear, joy, anger, or emotional stress
Created by: tcowley11



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