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Global Reg. Prep

Global History review

QuestionAnswer
To produce in a quantity in excess of what is sufficient to meet the need or demand. overproduction
mutually dependent; depending on each other. interdependence
the development of a business from the ground up — coming up with an idea and turning it into a profitable business. entrepreneurship
“Price of Oil Hits Record High” “Tribes Fight Over Control of Natural Resources” “Government Rations Goods for Duration of War” All of the above are headlines dealing with? scarcity
a piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water. peninsula
The Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra were important to ancient India because they were great rivers that flowed through India’s fertile northern plain
___________ was one of the most important contributions of the Greek city-state of Athens? direct democracy
___________ was the belief system that was the basis for the civil service exams given during the Han, Tang, and Song dynasties? Confucianism
___________ is the philosophical system that was developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events Daoism
a religion to about 300 million people around the world. The word comes from 'budhi', 'to awaken'. It has its origins about 2,500 years ago when Siddhartha Gotama, known as the Buddha, was himself awakened (enlightened) at the age of 35. Buddhism
excessive adherence to law or formula legalism
trade with the Byzantine Empire resulted in the early eastern European Slavic civilization adopting the Eastern Orthodox religion, the Cyrillic alphabet, and certain styles of art and architecture
One result of the Protestant Reformation a decline in religious unity in western Europe
Suleiman the Magnificent is best known for? uniting the Ottoman Empire under an efficient government structure
a technological development that enabled European navigators to determine their location during the Age of Exploration astrolabe
a triangular sail on a long yard at an angle of 45° to the mast lateen sail
a type of weapon consisting of a horizontal bow-like assembly mounted on a stock, that shoots projectiles called bolts or quarrels cross bow
a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese sailing ship of the 15th–17th centuries caravel
The development of banking during the Commercial Revolution in western Europe was significant beacause provided capital resources to merchants for investment
The Black Death spread in the general direction of _________ to _________ Asia to Europe
__________ was the result of European explorers crossing the Atlantic Ocean The Encounter
a system, in colonial Spanish America, that was developed by the Spanish to support plantation agriculture encomienda
the action or system of exchanging goods or services without using money barter
a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power guild
the reason the Enlightenment is considered a turning point in world history Europeans changed their thinking about the role of government
Toussaint L’Ouverture, Simón Bolívar, and José de San Martín were all leaders of independence movements
Robespierre and Louis XVI of France were both removed from power during the French Revolution
an international conference (1814–15) held after Napoleon's banishment to Elba, with Metternich as the dominant figure, aimed at territorial resettlement and restoration to power of the crowned heads of Europe the Congress of Vienna
geographic feature that aided England during the Industrial Revolution natural harbors
In Greece, this geographic feature prevented the development of a unified society. As a result, the Greeks formed city-states with a variety of government systems, including the first democracy. mountainous terrain
both Emperor Meiji of Japan and Kemal Atatürk of Turkey were working to modernize their nations
one major result of the mass starvation in Ireland in the 1840s was the migration of people overseas
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view propaganda
the practice of tolerating something, in particular differences of opinion or behavior toleration
the state of being diverse; variety diversity
hold or express opinions that are at variance with those previously, commonly, or officially expressed dissent
one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. the Treaty of Versailles
the region with the greatest number of members in OPEC (the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) the Middle East
refugees fled to _________ in the 1990s as a result of ethnic conflict Rwanda
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state capitalism
withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest, a punitive ban that forbids relations with certain groups, cooperation with a policy, or the handling of goods. boycott
the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 30, 1912. Emperor Meiji
A Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. Kemal Atatürk of Turkey
Created by: kimsteaching