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social studies

7th grade Social Studies

what was prohibition? a ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor in the US.
what were the negative effects of prohibiton? -gave a huge boost to organized crime. -underminded respect for the law.
who were bootleggers? people who mad eor smuggled illegal liquor.
what is a fad? an activity or fation that is taken up with great passion for a short time.
what was a flapper? young woman who rebelled against traditional ways of thinking and acting.
what is jazz? combined west African rythems, African American work songs, spirituals, and European harmonies.
what was the Harlem Renaissance? artistic movement in the 1920s by African American musitions, artists, and writers.
who was Charles Lindbergh? one of the great heros of the 1920s who made the first solo, nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
what did company unions do? made matters worse because they were controlled by managment.
what is sabotage? secret destruction of property or influence with work.
who is an anarchist? person who opposes organized government.
what was the Red Scare? fear of communism, anarchists, and foreigners. many Americans found that labor strikes signaled the start of a communist revolution.
what is nativism? anti-foreign feeling.
what was the Scopes Trial? John Scopes was fined and convicted for teaching Darwin's Theory of Evolution in public schools.
why was the Ku Klux Klan revived? in response to rear of change. the klan wanted to preserve the US for white, native born protestants.
why did the government not notice an economic slowdown in the mid 1920s? because they did not keep detailed statistics.
what does it mean it buy stock on margin? paid for only a part of the cost of the stock and borrowed the rest from stock borkers.
what does bankrupt mean? unable to pay their debts.
what was the human cost of the Great Depression? -pressures caused some families to split up. -many people lost their homes. -one in every four workers was jobless.
what were the conditions fort those who did work durring the Great Depression? -work for fewer hours. -leave families to find work. -take pay cuts.
what were public works? projects bui;t byt the government for public use. helped supply jobs.
what were three promises FDR made in his campaighn speeches? help to: the jobless, the elderly, poor farmers
what were the Hundred Days? the first three months of Roosevelt's administration in which many laws to help end the Depression were passed.
what is Truth-In-Secuities Act? designed to end the risky buying and selling of stocks.
what is the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)? insured savings accounts in banks.
what is a pension? a sum of money paid to people on a regular basis after they retire.
what did the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) do? protected workers from unfair managment prectices and auaranteed their right to collecting burgaining.
give three details about the Sicial Securities Act? -set up a pension proram for older people. -established unemployment insurance. -provided support for dependent children and people with disabilities.
what is deficit spending? the government spends more money than it takes in.
what is national debt? the total sum of money the government owes.
what was the Dust Bowl? reagion in the Central Great Planes that was hit by a severe drought durring the 1930s.
what were the causes of the Dust Bowl? -high winds. -overgrazed pastures. -drought.
what is a totalitarian state? a single party controls the government and every aspect of pepoles lives therefore oppressing individual freedom.
what is fascism? political system that is rooted in militarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state.
what is aggression? warelike act by one country against another without just cause.
what does Nazi stand for? National Socialist German Workers Party.
what is a scapegoat? a person or group on whom others blame for their problems.
who did Hitler use as a scapegoat and why? he blamed the loss of world war 1 on Jews.
what were consentration camps? prizon camps for civilazatons who are concidered enemies of the state.
what happened at the Munich Conference? Hitler promised Germany would seek no further territory.
what is appeasemant? the practice of giving in to aggression to avoid war.
who practiced appeasement? the British and the French practiced appeasement to stop war from breaking out.
what was the Nazi-Soviet Pact? Hitler and Stalin agreed not to attack each other.
who were the Axis powere in WW2? -Italy -Japan -Germany -six other nations
who were the Allies during WW2? -Britain -France -Soviet Union -United States -China -45 other countries
who established the Atlantic Charter and why? British and Americans established it to set goals of the post war world.
why did congress declare war on Japan? December 7, 1941 Japan launches a supprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
who was in relocation camps? Japanese Americans were moved to relocation camps by the army during WW2.
what was the invation of Normandy (D-Day)? on June 6, 1944 Allied troops land on beaches of Normandy. They go on to free France from German control.
name two results of D-Day? France was freed from Germany and the Germans had to split their troops and open up a weatern front.
what is island hopping? a stratiegy of capturing some Japanese-held islands and going around others.
what was the role of the Navajo code-talkers? radioed vital mesages from island to island.
Created by: annp