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MWH Review Part 1

Summerville High School MWH

TermDefinition
Muhammad last and greatest of all the profits in Islam.
Mecca and Medina the two holiest cities of Islam
Five Pillars major duties of all Muslims
Prayer Muslims pray 5 times a day towards Mecca
Faith There is only one God, and Muhammad is his prophet
Hajj pilgrimage all Muslims must made to Mecca once in their life time
Charity give to the poor
fasting no food or drink from sunup to sundown during the month of Ramadan
Shar’ia Law system that regulates Muslim life and the family.
Pilgrimages are to religious journeys that help feel people more connected to their religion. Often associated with places that are related to the founders of the religion.
Buddhism Foundations found in Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path
Four Noble Truths desire causes suffering,To relieve suffering, one must rid themselves of worldly desires, to get rid of worldly desires follow the Eightfold Path
Eightfold Path Guide to "Right" living. (Right speech, thought, actions,etc), follow this to reach Nirvana
Nirvana release from reincarnation, inner peace found through meditation and self-sacrifice. A state of enlightenment.
Siddhartha Gautama is the Buddha or Enlightened One, founder of Buddhism
Zen Buddhism focuses on meditation as part of reaching Nirvana
Ming Dynasty used civil service examinations to promote qualified people in administration related jobs.
Civil service exams used by the Ming Dynasty to reduce corruption. (focus of Chinese schools)
Censorship a political tool used by authoritarian governments. Controls people by limiting the amount and type of information they are exposed to. Used by Ming China, Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, Communist nations
A woman’s status in Ming China tied to her ability to have male children
Mehmed II founder of the Ottoman Empire captured Constantinople in 1453 and renamed it Istanbul.
The Ottoman Empire declined due to the following reasons Decreased vigilance of the Sultan over functions of government led to corruption.Decreased interest of the government in popular opinion.Rebellion during World War I lead to the secularized state of Turkey and the dismantling of the Ottoman Empire.
Created by: amygilstrap7