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Chapter 30

World War II

Hitler stopped following this treaty, that ended World War I, including refusing to pay reparations and building up his military Treaty of Versailles
Italy, Germany, and Japan made up this alliances the Axis
the United States, Soviet Union, Great Britain, China, and other nations made up this alliance the Allies
this side was victorious in World War II the Allies
this term means getting rid of or being prohibited to build up the military or weapons of a country demilitarized
this term means giving in to the demands of someone in order to maintain peace; what European countries did with Hitler appeasement
this term means restrictions intended to enforce international law sanctions
in 1936, Mussolini and Hitler formed this alliance the Rome-Berlin Axis
in 1937, Germany had formed a union with this nation Austria
in 1939, Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with this nation, only to break it later by invading that country in 1942 Soviet Union
World War II in Europe began in September of 1939 when Hitler and the Germans invaded this nation Poland
in this year, Japan officially invaded China, after occupying Manchuria since 1931 1937
this is the term for Germany's "lightening war," in which tanks, trucks, and airplanes were used for a sudden military attack blitzkrieg
this is the term for the policy of the United States at the beginning of the war in which they did not get involved in the affairs of other nations isolationism
this is the term for the refusal to take a side in a conflict neutrality
this nation was split into two during World War II, half controlled by the Germans and half controlled by the German-sided Vichy Regime France
he was the president of the United States during World War II Franklin Delano Roosevelt
he was the prime minister of Great Britain for most of World War II Winston Churchill
he was the leader of Nazi Germany during World War II Adolf Hitler
he was the leader of the Soviet Union during World War II Joseph Stalin
he was the leader of Italy during World War II Benito Mussolini
When Franklin Roosevelt died in April of 1945, he became president of the United States Harry Truman
in this battle, the Germans conducted air attacks on London, but failed to achieve their objectives of controlling the country the Battle of Britain
the United States officially joined the war after this nation attacked Pearl Harbor Japan
the Attack on Pearl Harbor occurred on this date December 7, 1941
this is the term for the process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for war mobilization
this is the term for a Japanese suicide bomber kamikaze
Great Britain called the German air raids this blitz
this is the term for the mass extermination of a particular racial, religious, or cultural group genocide
this is the term for a person who assisted the enemy during war, particularly used with those who helped find Jews for the Nazis collaborator
this group was the primary target of the Holocaust Jews
approximately this many people died in the Holocaust, about 6 million of whom where Jewish 11 million
these were the three theaters of fighting in World War II, meaning areas where battles took place Pacific, Europe, North Africa
this was the invasion of Normandy Beach in France, a key turning point in the war against the Axis D-Day
D-Day occurred on this date June 6, 1944
this battle was the last attempt by the Germans to push the Allies back in Belgium and took place at the end of 1944 the Battle of the Bulge
this battle began in August of 1942 and involved Hitler attacking the Soviet Union, leading to failure for the Germans the Battle of Stalingrad
V-E Day, or Victory in Europe, happened on this date May 8, 1945
V-J Day, or Victory in Japan, happened on this date August 14, 1945
atomic bombs were dropped on these Japanese cities in August of 1945 Hiroshima and Nagasaki
after World War II, this conflict began between the United States and the Soviet Union Cold War
this is the estimate of the total number killed in World War II 60 million
this is the underlying cause of World War II, what Germany and Japan wanted land
this was the name for the German air force in World War II luftwaffe
this country lost the most people during World War II Soviet Union
he was the prime minister of Japan during World War II Hideki Tojo
in the United States, these people were put in internment camps in fear of espionage Japanese
this group of people became a very important part of the workforce as the war progressed women
this was the largest death camp of the Nazis, located in Poland Auschwitz
these people were also targeted in the Holocaust homosexuals, Gypsies, the handicapped, Poles, Slavs, prisoners of war
Created by: Mrs. Marquardt