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7th - Vocab Final

Vocabulary Final

The vertical lines on a map are called meridians or ________ lines. longitude
The ________ divides the Earth into the western and eastern hemispheres. Prime Meridian
The Equator separates the northern and southern ________. hemispheres
The horizontal lines on a map are called parallels or ________ lines. latitude
The ________ is the latitude line at zero degrees. Equator
An arrowhead would be considered a(n) ________ because humans made it. artifact
A human skeleton would be an example of a(n) ________ because it was once alive. fossil
All the years that fall in a particular ________ have some distinctive feature(s) in common. age, era, epoch
With new agricultural techniques, farmers would often have a ________ of crops that they could save or share with others. surplus
Early villages formed near rivers because they needed water for ________. irrigation
Specialization led to the development of groups of people with similar customs, training, and income known as a ________. social class
Once surpluses of food began to be produced, people began to ________ in other kinds of work. specialize
The idea of ________ came about when people realized that grain sprouted from spilled seed which could be planted to raise crops. agriculture
________ were a form of government that included cities and the land surrounding them. city-states
Sumerians practiced ________ or a belief in many gods or goddesses. polytheism
Fertile soil that is deposited by rivers is called ________. silt
Most historians think that the first advanced form of culture, or ________, first arose in Sumer in 3300 BC. civilization
Sargon of Akkad is credited with creating the first ________. empire
Hammurabi created a ________ in order to help control his empire. code of law
As emperor, Cyrus set up a policy of ________ that allowed people to keep their own customs and beliefs. toleration
The soil along the Nile's banks is very ________ due to the fact that the floods deposited minerals and silt there. fertile
Some ancient Egyptians learned to be ________, or people whose job it was to write and keep records. scribes
Egyptian kings were given the title of ________, which is a word that meant "great house". pharaoh
The ________ people spread across Africa in one of the greatest migrations in human history. Bantu
Seasonal winds called ________ shape India's climate monsoons
Christianity and Judaism are both ________ religions that share the same God. monotheistic
________ is the modern-day religion that started with Abraham and was practiced by the Hebrew people. Judaism
________ is the religion that began with the teachings of Jesus. Christianity
India's modern religion, which developed out of Brahmanism, is ________. Hinduism
________ is the religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama and is still practiced in many Asian nations today. Buddhism
The Silk Roads were considered ________ because they stretched across Europe and Asia. trans-Eurasian
Because geographic barriers isolated China, the experienced little ________ until the Silk Roads were created. cultural diffusion
________ stresses the importance of respect and proper relationships in a society. Confucianism
In order to be a ________ of Athens, you had to be a free male, over 18, and the son of Athenian born parents. citizen
The mainland of Greece is a ________ that sticks out into the Mediterranean Sea peninsula
A(n) ________ connects the Peloponnesus to the rest of Greece. isthmus
A ________ is a person who takes power in an illegal way. tyrant
Alexander's many conquests led to a new blending of customs known as ________ culture. Hellenistic
A ________ is a government in which people elect their leaders. republic
The reign of Augustus began a long period of peace and stability in the Roman Empire, known as the ________ Pax Romana
The ________ was a powerful and unifying force in the lands that were once part of the Western Roman Empire Roman Catholic Church
Diocletian was a(n) _______ , who had total power. absolute ruler
A videotape would be considered a ________ because it was created at the time of the event by someone who was there. primary source
A textbook is a ________ because it was created by people who were not present to witness the events that they are writing about. secondary source
A follower of Islam is called a __________. Muslim
__________ is the monotheistic religion that started with the teachings of Muhammad. Islam
__________ is the founder of Christianity. Jesus
__________ is the founder of Judaism. Abraham
The __________ is the holy book of Islam. Quran
Created by: mrsdyer316