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AP Human Ch.12 Vocab

Services and Settlements - AP Human Geography, Chapter 12, Rubenstein

Basic industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to customers outside the settlement
Business sevices Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Central place A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
Central place theory A theory that explains the distribution of services based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services - larger settlements are fewer and father apart and provide services to people willing to travel
Clustered rural settlement A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other, with fields surrounding the settlement
Consumer services Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail, education, health, and leisure services
Dispersed rural settlement A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villiages
Economic base A community's collection of basic industries
Enclosure movement The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 1700s
Gravity model A model that says that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service
Market area The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services
Nonbasic industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community
Primate city The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Primate city rule A pattern of settlements in a country in which the largest settlement has twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Public services Services offered by the government to provide security and protection to citizens and businesses
Range (of a service) The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Rank-size rule A pattern of settlements in a country in which the nth largest settlement is 1/nth the size of the largest
Threshold The minimum number of people needed to support a service
Urbanization An increase in the percentage and number of people living in urban settlements
Created by: emilyjane1221
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