Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Ch.9 WOH2012

QuestionAnswer
patricians - upper class - from who can be in the senate - drive the culture
plebeians the common people, lower class
consuls - carried out the will of the senate - have to be elected - two consuls run the state - executive branch of the Roman government
Law of the 12 Tables - began their republic with this set of laws - middle 200’s Romans were able to dominate most of Italy
Punic Wars (1 - 264-241; 2 - 218-202; 3 - 149-146 BC) - three wars fought between Rome and Carthage - 3rd century for first two wars, 2nd century for last war - Carthaginians wanted to colonize Sicily, Rome didn’t want Carthage so close - Rome didn’t use navy until this war, - Romans won first Punic war
Scipio Africanus hero for the Romans during second Punic war - challengesHannibalatCarthage - Battle of Zama
Battle of Zama - decisive battle of second Punic war Third Punic war was Rome going over and destroying Carthage.
Macedonian Wars four Macedonian wars - Rome and Greece - two wars in 3rd century, one in 2nd century - Rome went over to Greece/Macedonia and took over
Julius Ceasar great roman general - administrator, consul - 45 BC, made dictator for life by roman senate
First Triumvirate (Caesar, Pompey, Crassus) Means three men rulers - Caesar and Pompey are generals, Crassus is a wealthy sponsor - Caesar and Pompey fight, both are ambitious - Caesar wins, Pompey flees - pursues Pompey to Egypt - meetsCleopatra
Second Triumvirate (Octavian, Marc Antony, Lepidus) push Lepidus out, weakest of three - fighting between Marc Antony and Octavian - most powerful people in Rome
Battle of Actium - battle on the sea off the coast of Greece - Antony and Cleopatra together fighting against Octavian - lasted about ten hours, ships of Antony and Cleopatra defeated - decided the fate of Rome, Octavian emerges as the most powerful general
Augustus (r. 27 BC - AD 14) Octavian renames himself, Augustus Caesar - imperator, means commander, general - called himself princeps civitatis, first citizen of the state - beginning of the Roman Empire
Pax Romana - roman peace - 200 years when Rome had no civil war - Rome was peaceful in internal terms
Julio-Claudian dynasty Augustus - Tiberius - Gaius (Caligula), known for erratic, strange, mental problems, bipolar, waged war with Poseidon, made his horse a senator - Claudius - believe that they are descended from goddess Venus
Claudius (r. 41 - 54) speech impediment, pushed away from the throne, embarrassment at first - about 55 years old - good emperor and leader, very bright man - engineered Roman invasion of Britain - unnatural death, poisoned by his wife
Nero son of Claudius - massive persecution of Christians - possibly started fire in Rome - everyone hated him, killed himself in 68 - last of Julio-Claudian emperors
The Nature of the Universe - Lucretius - latin poem, meant to teach philosophy of epicureanism - seek pleasure, avoid pain
The Meditations written by Marcus Aurelius - stoicphilosopher - book is personal reflection of his philosophy
Big 3 historians Horace, Ovid, Catullus (1st century BC) - latin histories - Ovid, wrote Metamorphosis and the Art of Love - Horace, wrote about friendship and wine
Virgil Aeneas, Trojan hero of story in the Aeneid - wrote story of the founding of Rome, starting with Trojan War - long epic poem
Constantine - became caesar in the west - rival against Maxentius for augustus in the west - battle of the Milvian bridge 312 used cross on shields - 324 he is emperor of entire empire - founded Constantinople (Byzantium, or Nova Roma, New Rome)
Hadrian - Romewasatitsgreatestextent - Hadrian wall in Britain (tried to keep Scotland out)
Commodus - incompetentking - son of Marcus Aurelius - after him, king every 3-4 years, generals fought for power
Diocletian (r. 284 - 305) reorganize the Roman government - drew line between Italy and Greece - Eastern and Western Roman Empire - called tetrarchy; augustus, caesar (two in east and west) - brought some order into the chaos - RETIRED, and co-emperor retired as well
How far east into Europe did the Roman empire extend? The Rhine and Danube.
Created by: burdeshawgirl