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Ch.4 & 10 WOH2012

Ch.4 WOH2012

Trojan War fought with Greeks - Poet Homer wrote the Iliad, Odyssey - scholars think Mycenaeans wanted control of the Aegean Sea
Mycenae Civilization - believed to be the second oldest civilization in Aegean Sea - invaded Crete (Minoans) around 1400 BC - 1100 BC the civilization seemed to disappear - possible migrations from the north (asia minor, macedonia, “real” ancestors of the Greeks)
Minoan Civilization - established in Crete - one of the earliest civilizations in Aegean Sea - capital Knossos - Minoan named after King Minos
Aegean Sea - between modern day turkey and greece
721 BC Assyrians had dominated middle east, asking for tribute from the northern kingdom (Israel), exile
586 BC Babylonians exiled Judah, destroyed the temple, people of Judah did not disappear, established their home in babylonia.
Council of Nicea (325) - Christianity was official
Papacy - referring to the office of the pope (Roman Catholic Church) - leader of the Catholic church - 11th Century east-west schism of the church - bishop of Rome became the pope
Doctrine of Petrine Succession (Petrine Doctrine) refers to Peter - Matthew 16, “on you I will build my church” - believes Peter is the first pope - justifies pope, special authority by Jesus - believes that authority is passed down from pope to pope
Monasticism - started in the East about 100 years after Constantine’s conversion (in Egypt) - monasticismcomesfrom - monks and nuns - satisfied the inclinations of ascetic extremists
St. Benedict really prevailed upon monasticism in the West - wrote in Latin “Rule” - strictorder - built monasteries (education, protection...) - Three Vows: obedience, poverty, chastity
St.Jereome translated Bible from Greek to Latin - the english translation of the Latin bible is Vulgate
St. Augustine Monicamother’sname - first pagan, then converted - wrote many commentaries and books - bishop in north Africa - Confessions, City of God (books mentioned in textbook) - St. Augustine FL named after him
who was the only emperor after Constantine who wasn't Christian? Julian
Who made Christianity official? Constantine
Created by: burdeshawgirl