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Chapter 28

The West Between the Wars

QuestionAnswer
a period of low economic activity and unemployment depression
a government that tries to control all aspects of its citizens' lives totalitarian state
a political system that puts the state above all else, has a strong leader, strong sense of nationalism, and glorifies the military fascism
a system in which private farms are turned into large agricultural estates owned by the government collectivization
a shortened form for the German National Socialist Workers' party or a member of that party Nazi
a place where prisoners of war, political prisoners, or members of minority groups are confined under harsh conditions concentration camps
a term misused by the Nazis to identify Germans, Scandinavians, ancient Romans, and Greeks as the "pure" race Aryan
this organization was created within the Treaty of Versailles but the U.S. failed to join League of Nations
the Treaty of Versailles forced this country to pay reparations for World War I, leading to a depression there Germany
after World War I, this nation experienced about a decade of prosperity the United States
overproduction in this area helped lead to the depression agriculture
the severe global economic troubles of the 1930s became known as this the Great Depression
this event marked the beginning of the Great Depression in the U.S. stock market crash
the American stock market crashed in this year 1929
because the Weimar Republic in Germany printed more money to try to ease its economic troubles, this occurred massive inflation
Franklin Delano Roosevelt began this series of economic and social reform programs to try to ease the Great Depression the New Deal
because of the Great Depression, governments around the world became more involved in this the economy
this man became the dictator of Italy in 1922 Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini instituted this type of government fascist
this man was the dictator of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924 Vladimir Lenin
this man was the dictator of the Soviet Union from the late 1920s until 1953 Joseph Stalin
Lenin instituted this plan, which allowed for some aspects of a market economy New Economic Policy (NEP)
Stalin instituted this plan, which called for rapid industrialization in the Soviet Union 5-Year Plan
during this time, Stalin killed or imprisoned anyone who he feared or who spoke against him the Great Purge
between 1920 and 1922 and between 1932 and 1933, this occurred in the Soviet Union, which killed as many as 15 million people famine
during the civil war in Russia, Lenin ordered this policy to be followed, in which the government controlled most industries and took grain for soldiers war communism
this occurred in Spain between 1936 and 1939 civil war
he ruled Spain as the dictator from 1936 until his death in 1975 Francisco Franco
who was the leader of the Nazi Party Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler became the leader of Germany in this year 1933
Hitler was called this title by the German people fuhrer
these people were the main target of Hitler's attempt to purify Germany of "inferior" races Jews
this organization was the secret police force of Nazi Germany and Hitler's bodyguard the SS
Hitler gained power of the German government in this way legally, through the Reichstag (German parliament)
Hitler solved this problem through public works projects, grants to private companies, and a massive military buildup unemployment
this term means hatred of or prejudice against Jews anti-Semitism
this night on November 9, 1938 marked a new violent stage in anti-Jewish policy in Germany Kristallnacht
these two countries supported Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War Italy and Germany
Created by: Mrs. Marquardt