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Edexcel RE Unit 8 Key Term

Bible Christians holy book
Church The global community of Christians
Conscience An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action. An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of the situation
Decalogue The 10 Commandments.
Democratic processes The ways in which all citizens can take part in the government (usually through elections).
Electoral processes The ways in which voting is organised
The Golden rule The teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you
Human rights The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled.
Political party A group which tries to be elected into power on the basis of its polices eg Labour, Conservative
Pressure group A group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue
Situation ethics The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do
Social change The way in which society has changed and is changing (and also possibilities for future change).
Artificial Insemination injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means
Conservation Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
Creation The act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created
Embryo A fertilised egg in the first 8 weeks after conception
Environment The surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live
Global Warming the increase in the temperature of Earth's atmosphere (thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect)
Infertility Not being able to have children
In-vitro fertilisation the method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube
Natural Resources Naturally occurring materials, such as oil and fertile land, which can be used by humans
Organ donation Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery
Stewardship Looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation
Surrogacy An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman
Aggression attacking without being provoked
Bullying intimidating/frightening people weaker than yourself
Conflict resolution bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion
Exploitation taking advantage of a weaker group
Forgiveness stopping blaming someone and/or pardoning them for what they have done wrong
Just war a war which is fought for the right reasons and in a right way
Pacifism the belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means
Reconciliation bringing together people who were opposed to each other
Respect treating a person or their feelings with consideration
The United Nation an international body set up to promote world peace and cooperation
Weapons of mass destruction weapons which can destroy large areas and numbers of people e.g Nuclear Weapons
World peace the ending of war throughout the whole world (the basic aim of the United Nations)
Addiction a recurring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of its bad effects
Capital punishment the death penalty for a crime or offense
Crime an act against the law
Deterrence the idea that punishment should be of such a nature that they will put people off committing crimes
Judgememt the act of judging people and their actions
Justice due allocation of reward and punishment/the maintenance of what is right
Law rules made by Parliament and enforceable by the courts
Reform the idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again
Rehabilitation restore to normal life
Responsibility being responsible for one's actions
Retribution the idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong
Sin an act against the will of God
Created by: 0llie_c
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