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Edexcel RE Unit 2 Key Terms

agnosticism not being sure whether God exists
atheism believing that God does not exist
conversion when your life is changed by giving yourself to God
free will the idea that human beings are free to make their own choices
miracle something which seems to break a law of science and makes you think only God could have done it
moral evil actions done by humans which cause suffering
natural evil things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans
numinous the feeling of the presence of something greater than you
omni-benevolent the belief that God is all-good
omnipotent the belief that God is all-powerful
omniscient the belief that God knows everything that has happened and everything that is going to happen
prayer an attempt to contact God, usually through words
abortion the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive
assisted suicide providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide
euthanasia the painless killing of someone dying from a painful disease
immortality of the soul the idea that the soul lives on after the death of the body
near-death experience when someone about to die has an out-of-body experience
non-voluntary euthanasia ending someone’s life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so
paranormal unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes, for example, ghosts, mediums
quality of life the idea that life must have some benefits for it to be worth living
reincarnation the belief that, after death, souls are reborn in a new body
resurrection the belief that, after death, the body stays in the grave until the end of the world, when it is raised
sanctity of life the belief that life is holy and belongs to God
voluntary euthanasia ending life painlessly when someone in great pain asks for death
adultery a sexual act between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner
civil partnership a legal ceremony giving a homosexual couple the same legal rights as a husband and wife
cohabitation living together without being married
contraception intentionally preventing pregnancy from occurring
faithfulness staying with your marriage partner and having sex only with them
homosexuality sexual attraction to the same sex
nuclear family mother, father and children living as a unit
pre-marital sex sex before marriage
procreation making a new life
promiscuity having sex with a number of partners without commitment
re-constituted family where two sets of children (stepbrothers and stepsisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other
re-marriage marrying again after being divorced from a previous marriage
community cohesion a common vision and shared sense of belonging for all groups in society
discrimination treating people less favourably because of their ethnicity/gender/ colour/sexuality/age/class
ethnic minority a member of an ethnic group (race) which is much smaller than the majority group
interfaith marriages marriage where the husband and wife are from different religions
multi-ethnic society many different races and cultures living together in one society
multi-faith society many different religions living together in one society
prejudice believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them
racial harmony different races/colours living together happily
racism the belief that some races are superior to others
religious freedom the right to practise your religion and change your religion
religious pluralism accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist
sexism discriminating against people because of their gender (being male or female)
creationism the belief that God created the world in genesis
the big bang ll the matter in the universe was concentrated into a single incredibly tiny point. This began to enlarge rapidly in a hot explosion (called the Big Bang) which happened 13.7 billion years ago
causation the belief that everything has a cause and an effect therefore the universe/big bang must have has a cause (God)
design argument the universe is too complex to just have 'happened' therefore there must have been a higher power behind it
traditional marriage a marriage in a church, with vows, the exchange of rings, a blessing from God, a bible reading and a sermon on the duties in a marriage
Created by: 0llie_c
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