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MWH Holocaust, Isrea

Summerville High School MWH Holocaust, Isrea

TermDefinition
Zionism Jewish nationalist movement that sought to create an independent state (Israel) for Jewish people.
Balfour Declaration Official British letter stating support for the creation of an independent Jewish state. 1917
Nuremburg Laws were anti-Jewish statutes enacted by Germany on September 15, 1935, marking a major step in clarifying racial policy and removing Jewish influences from Aryan society.
Kristallnacht The Night of the Broken Glass. On this night, November 9, 1938, almost 200 synagogues were destroyed, over 8,000 Jewish shops were sacked and looted, and tens of thousands of Jews were removed to concentration camps.
Ghetto city areas where Jews were forced to relocate by the Germans. Living conditions were poor, with few supplies for the families. Jews were sent to concentration camps from the ghettos in massive numbers.
Final Solution the Nazi policy of exterminating European Jews. Introduced by Heinrich Himmler and administered by Adolf Eichmann, the policy resulted in the murder of 6 million Jews in concentration camps between 1941 and 1945.
Atlantic Charter joint declaration released by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill on August 14, 1941. Provided a broad statement of U.S. and British support for free trade and self-determination. Basis for post-war peace.
United Nations is an intergovernmental organization established 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict.
General Assembly main deliberative body of the United Nations, composed of delegations from member nations.
Security Council division of the United Nations that contains five permanent members — the United States, Britain, China, France, and Russia — and ten rotating members. It is often called into session to respond quickly to international crises
League of Nations A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never became a member nation.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights Issued by the United Nations. international document that states basic rights and fundamental freedoms to which all human beings are entitled.
First Arab Israeli War (1948) The Arab-Israeli War of 1948 broke out when five Arab nations invaded territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel on May 14, 1948.
Six Day War fought in the Middle East in June 1967. In it Israel defeated Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, occupying the Gaza Strip, the Sinai, Jerusalem, the West Bank of the Jordan, and the Golan Heights
1973 War Also known as the Yom Kippur War a war that began on Yom Kippur in 1973 with the attack of Israel by Egypt, Syria, and Iraq: Israel recovered most of its initial losses.
Arab League Coalition founded in Cairo in 1945 by Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan (Jordan from 1946) and Yemen (North Yemen, later combined Yemen).
PLO Palestine Liberation Organization is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle
Intifada the Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, beginning in 1987
Oslo Accords An agreement brokered by Norway after months of secret negotiations between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1993. By its terms, Israel and the PLO recognized each other. Palestinians gain self-rule.
Camp David Accords agreement in which Egypt recognized Israel as a nation and Israel gave the Sinai peninsula back to Egypt. First signed agreement between Israel and and Arab country
Created by: amygilstrap7