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History Test

Dual Revolution

What was the new Agricultural Revolution? - It greatly improved the quality and quantity of farm products -Enclosure Movement: the process of taking over and fencing off land formerly shared by peasant farmers
What were the two effects of the Agricultural Revolution? -The Population Explosion: The agricultural revolution reduced the risk of famine because they ate better, women were healthier and had stronger babies -A New Technology: development of new technology helped the uprising for the Industrial Revolution
New Technology? - An Energy Revolution: people began to harness new sources of energy -Improved iron, Coal, Steam etc.
Where did the Industrial Revolution originate? Britain
Why Britain? -Resources -New Technology -Political and Social Conditions -Economic Conditions
Which Industries were affected most in Britain? -Textile-- Major Inventions, and the First Factories -Transportation-- Railroads, and steam power ships
The Industrial Revolution created material benefits , what were they? -The New Industrial City-- urbanization, changes in farming, soaring population growth, & an ever-increasing demand for workers led people to migrate from farms to cities *labor unions -Mass- produced goods grew, new factories, created more jobs, & wage
What were the the social problems of the Industrial Revolution? -The unrest of the working class: protests, spread Methodism -The Factory System: Rigid Discipline, Women Workers, & Child Labor, Low wages, living conditions -Uprising of a New Middle Class: entrepreneurs(set in motion), merchants, inventors, artisans
The Industrial Revolution fostered new ideas about business and economics, what were they? -Laissez-Faire economics (Adam Smith) -The Utilitarians (the idea that the goal of society should be "the greatest happiness for the greatest number) -Socialism -Communism -Marxism (Proletariat-- working class)
What were the conservatives(old order) *side note: last point would be Eastern Europe -The Congress of Vienna -Natural rights, Constitutional Gov't -Defended peace and stability,Suppress Revolutionary Ideas -Supported Social hierarchy -Established Church-- Catholic in Austria & S. Europe, Protestant in N. Europe, and Orthodox in E. E
What was the liberal and nationalist Challenge? Liberalism: free political institutions and religious toleration, support for a strong role of gov' t in regulating capitalism & constructing the welfare state Nationalism:patriotic feeling -Inspired by Enlightenment and the French Revolution -L & N ignited a # of revolts against establish rule
Liberal Goals (capitalists)? - Spoke for the bourgeois -Gov't based on written constitutions & separation of powers -Spoke out against divine right monarchy, the individuals to liberty, equality, & property -universal male suffrage -Laissez-Faire economics -Protection of rights
Nationalist Goals? -included Austrian, Russian and Ottoman Empire -Nationalism gave people w/ a common heritage a sense of identity and the goal of creating their own homeland -Intolerance led to persecution of other ethnic nation groups
Revolts Against Old Order? -Revolts on the Balkan peninsula -Independence for Serbia (guerrilla war against Ottomans)--Russia helped -- Christian Orthodox, and Slavic Language -Independence for Greece- Bloody wars(shaped national identity), Britain, France and Russia helped
Revolution of 1830? Congress of Vienna restored Louis XVIII to power, and he issued a constitution, the Charter of French liberties, created a two-house legislature, and allowed limited freedom of the press (tried to avoid absolutism) WORKSHEET -Ultra royalists wanted the old regime -Liberals wanted to extend suffrage and win a share of power for the middle class, radicals wanted a republic, men and women wanted food and pay -The July Revolution- Charles X -Citizen King "Louis Phillipe"
Created by: yasminang7370