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AP Human Ch. 5 Vocab

Languages - AP Human Geography, Chapter 5, Rubenstein

TermDefinition
Creole A language that results from mixing a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronounciation
Ebonics A dialect spoken by some African Americans
Extinct language A language that was once used in daily activities but is no longer used
Isogloss A boundary between regions where different dialects predominate
Isolated language A language that is unrelated to any other language and therefore not attached to any language family
Language branch A collection of languages related by a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago, derived from the same family
Language family A collection of languages related by a common ancestor long before recorded history
Language group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display few differences in grammar and vocabulary
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people with different native languages
Literary tradition A language that is written as well as spoken
Logogram A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound
Official language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communication between speakers of two different languages
Received Pronunciation (RP) The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered the standard of the UK
Standard language The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
Vulgar Latin A form of Latin used in conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect used in official documents
Created by: emilyjane1221