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European Exploration

Review 7-1.1; European Exploration

QuestionAnswer
Who were the major nations involved in European exploration during the 1600s-1700s? Spain, Portugal, France, Netherlands, & England
What was the line of demarcation? a line separating the "new world" between Spain and Portugal
Why do people in Brazil speak Portuguese? Brazil was conquered by Portugal
Why do people in most of South America speak Spanish? most of South America was conquered by Spain
Which European country was the first to sail to the Americas and establish permanent settlements? Spain
Who was Fedinand Magellan? Explorer who sailed for Portugal; first to circumnavigate the globe
What is circumnavigation? To travel around the world by sea
Christopher Columbus was: Explorer who sailed for Spain; sailed to the Americas
Why were Europeans forced to explore by sea? The Silk Road was being blocked and made more dangerous by the Ottoman Turks; Europeans wanted to find a new route to Asia
France and the Netherlands explored: Northeast America and Canada
Spain explored: the Americas (central and south)
Portugal explored: the coast of Africa, South Africa, and some of South America
England explored North America
Created by: cassandra_lock