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APHG test study
|The action or process of regions or areas collecting in mass usually for certain advantages
|Another name for squatter settlements that are residential developments that take place on land that is neither owned nor is rented by its occupants
|A geographical economic theory to how the price and demand on real estate changes as the distance towards the CBD increases
|A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood
|CBD(central business district)
|The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered
|An area delineated by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published
|The functional dominance of cities within an urban system
|The movement of people,services and port in the central city.
|The distribution of services based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market area for services. Larger settlements are fewer & farther apart than smaller settlements & provide services for a large number of people with a larger range.
|Created the central place theory which displayed the ideas that central places would provide services and goods to the surrounding areas.
|Conglomeration of people and buildings clustered together to serve as a center of politics, culture, and economics /A city's landscape
|Compared to older cities , colonial cities typically contain wider streets and public squares, lager houses, surrounded by gardens, and much lower density
|The transformation of an area of a city into an area attractive to residents and tourists alike in terms of economic activity
|The fifth ring in the concentric zone model that is beyond the continuous built-up area of the city
|Concentric zone model
|A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
|Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
|The tendency of people or businesses and industry to locate outside the central city
|A process of social and economic change caused by the removal or reduction of industry in a country or region
|Cities of the ancient world
|Businesses that generate employment in a community or a geographical area.
|A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area
|City currently without much population but increasing in size at a fast rate
|How the workforce is divided up between the three main employment sectors - primary, secondary, and tertiary
|A trading center, or a trading warehouse where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying for import duties, often at a profit.
|A neighborhood in which the people who live in there and share physical, mental, and cultural traits
|The Brazilian equivalent of a shanty-town, which are generally found on the edge of the city
|A household in which the most powerful person is a female
|A landscape of cultural festivities
|Serves as a link between one country or region and others because of its physical situation.
|The social differences between men and women
|The invasions of older, centrally located working class neighborhoods by higher income households seeking the character and convenience of less expensive and well-located residences
|During the middle ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure
|Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
|A city with a population of more then 1 million
|Corridors made up of thousands of high tech businesses and industries
|The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services
|Any culture having an agricultural system that is dependent upon large-scale government-managed waterworks
|a center of population, commerce, and culture that is native to a country
|The use of vacant land and property within a built-up area for further construction or development
|It is the economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that governments GNP
|The fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, such as transportation and communication systems, power plants, and schools
|Residential neighborhoods that surround the CBD
|Invasion and succession
|A model of change used in urban ecology to represent the effects of immigration on the social structure of an urban area
|Traveling from one suburb to another in going from home to work.
|Cites dating back to the 14th century with walls and watch towers.
|A recognized metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people
|An area of an adjacent metropolitan ares that overlap
|The county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city
|Multiple nuclei model
|A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities
|The expansion of the money supply that results from a Federal Reserve System member bank's ability to lend significantly in excess of its reserves
|The area surrounding a particular place, person, or object.
|An area where a number of office buildings are built together on landscaped grounds.
|Peak land value intersection
|Is the land within a settlement with the greatest land value and commerce
|Any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed in a previously undeveloped area
|A city in which an economic transition has occurred from a manufacturing based economy to a service based economy
|Postmodern urban landscape
|Attempts to reconnect people to place through its architecture, the preservation of historical buildings, the re-emergence of mixed land uses and connections among developments
|The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement
|Refers to the practice in which real estate brokers guide prospective home buyers towards or away from certain neighborhoods based on their race
|A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
|Process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within boundaries
|Provision in a property deed preventing sale to a person of a particular race or religion; loan discrimination; ruled unconstitutional
|Sector model ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
|A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district (CBD).
|The separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
|nucleated: compact, closely packed settlement sharply decorated from adjoining farmlands; dispersed: characterized by a much lower density of population & the wide spacing of individual homesteads; elongated: state whose territory is long & shaped narrow.
|Mercantile establishment consisting of a carefully landscaped complex of shops representing leading merchandisers
|Site = the physical character of place; what is found at the location and why it is significant Situation = the location of a place relative to other places
|A heavily populated urban area characterized by substandard housing and squalor
|Social organization based on established patterns of social interaction between different relationships
|separation of tasks within a system
|An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
|grid:streets are arranged in a grid-like fashion; dendritic: characterized by fewer streets organized based on the amount of traffic each can carry; access: provides access control: allows highways or housing projects to be supervised
|Residential areas on the outskirts of a city or large town
|A term used to describe the growth of areas on the fringes of major cities
|Landscapes that express the values, beliefs, and meanings of a particular culture.
|An apartment building, especially one meeting minimum standards of sanitation, safety or maintenance up keep.