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Modern Euro Church

Modern European Church History

How has the church understood the relationship between faith and reason from the eve of the Reformation through modern times? Be sure to touch upon the views of mysticism, scholasticism, Reformation thinkers, Pietism, Enlightenment, and modern Protestant, Reformers, as usual, fucked everything up, because they created the space for the bifurcation between faith and reason. ----------------------------- "Faith seeking understanding", Sci Rev. presents threat (Lessing's 'ditch'; sapere aude, dare to know;
Essay on Mission
Essay on women Renaissance
Essay on change of biblical interpretation Medieval church is inheritor of tension from Patristics: literal/historical/plain vs. non-literal/figural, carried all the way into the present day-> Aquinas literal reading, etc -> Protestants can't agree (PRINTING PRESS, EGALITARIANISM, Appeal to German
Essay on change of definition of church Definitions of church are determined by their relationship to the state: Catholics--> Luther/Calvin (Appeal to German Nobility; Geneva)--> Radical Reformers...... Also need to say something about AUTHORITY, shifting from top-collective paradigm to indivi
Formula of Concord 1577; states the 4 Lutheran commitments: absolute authority of Scripture; total depravity; justification by faith alone; humans are to act free from the Law
German Enlightenment Three chronological stages; Early (Christian Thomas: empiricism), Middle (Christian Wolff: 'strict method'), Late (Immanuel Kant: morality, synthesis of reason and experience, categorical imperative (which is Jesus))
Ignatius of Loyola Founder of the Jesuits; Spiritual Exercises
Jesuits 1540; leading catholic body in the counter reformation; focused on education and missions; Spiritual Exercises; in missions, known for *inculturation*
Jacopo Sadoleto Catholic Bishop who was loyal to Catholic church, but was sympathetic to Reformers. Encouraged them (especially Geneva) to return to the Catholic Church. Calvin responded to him after Geneva asked him to come back.
Philipp Jakob Spener "Father of Pietism"; Pia Desideria: 6 proposals to reform church: [in short, decentralize learning and Christian intentional living] (1) acquaint believers with scripture by means of private readings and study groups in addition to preaching; (2) increase
Philip Melanchthon Followed Luther. Systematized Luther and related him to philosophy. Differences from Luther: accepting of philosophy and natural theology.
Richard Hooker originator of Anglican 'via media' between Protestantism and Catholicism; opposed to extreme Puritans; Scripture, reason, and tradition.
Schleitheim Confession 1527; Switzerland. Michael Sattler; Most representative statement of Anabaptist; had 7 Articles: believers baptism Communion: only baptized can participate; merely a remembrance' Pastors, NOT priests; rejection of the sword; separation of community fr
Teresa of Avila Reformer of Carmelite order; mystic; not stupid about salvation--> justification and sanctification deeply intertwined
William Carey "Father of modern missions"; Baptist missionary in India; Founded Baptist Missionary society.
Vatican I 1868. After Napoleon, pope became merely a 'spiritual' authority; address rise of rationalism, empiricism, and materialism. two rulings: (1) God is personal (non-deistic), (2) the pope is infallible. Also, Neo-Thomism.
Vatican II continued engagement with modernity that V1 started; lots of liturgy reform; no new dogma or anathema;
Harnack "kernel and husk"; allegedly makes Christ irrelevant
Argula von Grumbach 1520; woman writer and prophetic voice in (German) Reformation; publicly wrote against men who did not stand up for the faith; urged the Church to adhere and follow Scripture instead of Catholic traditions
Arminianism Dutch, 16th century; Calvinist, but disagreed with Calvin's view of PROVIDENCE (viewed it as rejection of free will); Paved the way for Wesley; Christ died for all but the believers are the one’s who benefit from Christ’s actions; God’s Grace is not
Book of Common Prayer prayer book that served as a common order of worship, resulting from the Protestant Reformation in England; Thomas Cramner;
Calvin on natural knowledge God can be known in nature and history, but not 'enough' (because of Fall); therefore, revelation through Jesus Christ is necessary
Council of Trent 1545-1563. Catholic reply to Reformation (embodied Counter Reformation): clarify the catholic doctrine, promote reform, focus on issues of scripture/works/sacraments, reaffirm worship
Elizabethan Settlement During the reign of Elizabeth 1 (1558-1603). Reestablished the Church of England. Her long reign was what allowed her reforms to finally take hold. "Via media" Book of Common Prayer reestablished
heissel/thettel Wort Luther's understanding of the Word of God. thettel is an active, creating word; heissel is naming or describing
John Wycliff proto-reformer in England; 1300's. Translated the Bible in English. Followers were the Lollards, which preached anticlerical and biblically-centred reforms.
John Knox Scottish reformer. fled Mary Queen of Scots' reign, wound up in Geneva. 1560 ¶Scottish declaration of Faith ∞Staunch doctrine against idolatry and this is why he is so concerned over proper worship. ∞God has all Authority
Katharina Schütz Zell full partner in ministry with her husband, Matthew Zell, in Strasbourg.
Medieval mysticism Counter-scholastic; Purgation, Illumination, Ecstasy/Union with God; Teresa of Avila, John of the Cross, Julian of Norwich
Medieval Scholasticism
Neo-Orthodoxy Response to protestant liberalism 1.necessity of divine revelation 2. robust doctrine of sin 3. transcendence of God Held middle ground in America: neither Protestant Liberal nor Fundamentalist Barth, Tillich, Niebuhr
Nominalism "nom"--> "in name". no 'universals'€, the things that are said to be universal just exist as names; nominalism is concerned over the sovereignty of God. “Do all within you and Gd will do the rest.” Key teaching: Humanity not completely de
Protestant Scholasticism Aristotelian method without Aristotelian philosophy; and with Protestant nonsense/doctrine. Between Reformation and Enlightenment.
Puritanism dissent from Church of England after Elizabethan Settlement, believing it to be 'too Catholic' still. Pious. Calvinist bent, esp. view of Providence
Ulrich Zwingli Swiss reformer
Transsubstantiation Substance and Accidents
First dominoes to fall § a. Reformers' split of reason and faith (man/God) § b. collapse of Pope as political center of Europe. § c.
Created by: jakeresor
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