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CH 14 Vocab

TermDefinition
John Calvin a French reformer who believed that god had chosen people for salvation before they were born.
Predestination the belief that people are chosen for salvation before they are born.
Jesuits a religious order established in 1530s. Also called Society of Jesus.
Presbytery a body of leaders and ministers that shared in governing of certain churches.
Peace of Augsburg The treaty that resulted from a meeting of Germany's Lutheran and Catholic princes in 1555.
Mayflower Compact a small groups of Pilgrims arrived in America in 1620. Before departing their ship they wrote this agreement that said their government would make "just and equal laws...for general of the colony.''
Federalism the sharing of power between an organization and its members.
Reformation the term used to describe the movement of opposition against the Catholic church in the 16th century.
Missionary a person who goes to foreign countries to do religious work.
Convert to adopt a new religion
Clement V pope who moved the center of the Catholic church from Rome, Italy, to Avignon, France.
Inquisition a court that investigated people who wandered from Catholicism.
Great Schism a split that divided the Catholic Church from 1378-1417.
John Wycliffe English philosopher and priest who questioned the pope's right to levy taxes and appoint Church officials without the king's approval.
Covenant Puritan agreement with God through which they believed they could be saved.
Protestant name for a Christian who broke with the Catholic Church during and after the 16th century.
Peace of Westphalia the 1648 agreement that recognized the permanent division of Western Europe into Protestant and Catholic nations.
Ignatius of Loyola the founder of the Jesuits
Dutch East India Company Protestant group that sent out missionaries in the early 1600s.
Henry VIII The English King who decided that England would leave the Catholic Church because the pope would not grant him a divorce.
Indulgence the relaxation of earthly penalty for sin.
Ninety-Five Theses document listing Luther's disputes with the Church, including the selling of indulgences.
Counter Reformation The Catholic Church's effort to stop the spread of Protestantism.
Martin Luther German monk who led a fight with the Catholic Church
Created by: tritchie