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Mod 5 Med Terms

Ch 13 & 14 Endocrine and Reproductive System

TermDefinition
Colporrhexis Tearing / laceration of the vaginal wall.
colp / o Vagina
hysterosalpingography (HSG) Radiographic exam of the uterus and Fallopian tubes. Requires contrast.
ex- out of, outside, away from
-algia pain, suffering, painful condition
dys- bad, difficult, painful
-ia / -ium abnormal condition, disease
hypogonadism Deficient secretion of hormones by the sex glands.
pituitary adenoma Slow-growing benign tumor. 2 types: functioning and non-functioning.
thyroidectomy Surgical removal of the thyroid (vs lobectomy-surgical removal of a lobe of the thyroid)
gynecomastia Excessive mammary development in males
adrenalitis Inflammation of the adrenal glands
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Group of metabolic disorders not related to Diabetes Insipidus. Characterized by hyperglycemia
polyuria excessive urination
polyphagia excessive hunger
hypoglycemia decreased concentrations of glucose in the blood
hyperglycemia increased concentrations of glucose in the blood, usually seen in patients with DM.
hypocalcemia decreased levels of Calcium in the blood
hypercalcemia increased concentrations of Calcium in the blood.
dwarfism (AKA short stature) caused by decrease in growth hormone (GH). Average is 4' but no taller than 4'10".
acromegaly Rare, chronic disease characterized by enlargement of extremeties
Endocrinologist Physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of diseases and malfunctions of endocrine glands.
colpectomy Surgical removal of the vagina
colposcopy Direct visual examination of the cervical and uterine tissues.
ectopic pregnancy A fertilized egg is implanted and begins to develop outside of the uterus
vaginosis Abnormal condition in the vagina, could be VB.
endocervicitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix
episiotomy Surgical incision in to the perineum to enlarge the vaginal orifice to prevent tearing
cervicitis Inflammation of the cervix
orchalgia painful testicles
phimosis Narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so it can't be retracted
balanitis Inflammation of the glans penis
mastalgia Pain in the breast
amennorrhea Abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 90 or more days
metrorrhea Abnormal discharge from the uterus
salpingitis Inflammation of the Fallopian tube
oophoritis Inflammation of the ovary
anorchism State of being without a testicle; absence of 1 or both testes
mastopexy Surgical fixation of the breast / breast lift
hysterectomy Surgical removal of the uterus
Created by: vanstellee
 

 



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