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Chapter 25

The Reach of Imperialism

when one nation extends its power over other territories imperialism
when one nation extends its power over other territories, sends settlers there, and benefits economically from that territory colonialism
the belief that race determines a person's traits or capabilities, the belief that one race is better than another racism
a territory that depends on another government for its protection protectorate
a colonial government in which local rulers are allowed to stay in power but have to follow the colonizer's wishes indirect rule
a colonial government in which ruling officials come from the colonizing country direct rule
to incorporate into an existing political unit, such as a city or country annex
native to a region indigenous
an Indian soldier hired by the British East India Company to protect the company's interests sepoy
a governor who ruled as a representative of a monarch viceroy
a policy that tries to strengthen the power of a country by using financial resources dollar diplomacy
this time period encouraged Europeans and Americans to take control of other areas in order to get raw materials and open up new markets Industrial Revolution
this idea took the concept of "survival of the fittest" and applied it to social situations, justifying Europeans' taking over areas in Asia and Africa Social Darwinism
missionaries from this religion considered it the "white man's burden" to spread their message to Asians and Africans Christianity
this European nation controlled Indochina (present-day Vietnam) France
this European nation controlled India and Burma in Asia Great Britain
this European nation controlled most of the East Indies (present-day Indonesia) Netherlands
this nation in Southeast Asia was able to remain independent Thailand
the United States took control of this chain of islands after the Spanish-American War Philippines
this European country controlled most of West Africa, hoping to gain raw materials like palm oil and timber France
North Africa was important because this connected the Mediterranean to the Red Seas Suez Canal
this European country took control of Egypt, because of their interest in the Suez Canal Great Britain
this country claimed most of the territory in the Congo Belgium
these two European countries were the main competitors for territory in East Africa Germany and Britain
the Boers of South Africa were from this European nation Netherlands (the Dutch)
Great Britain wanted to control South Africa after these items were found there gold and diamonds
The Boer War was between these two European people Dutch and British
the Boer War was fought here South Africa
these indigenous people battled the Boers in South Africa zulus
as many Africans became European-educated, this emerged as a powerful force against colonization African nationalism
this revolt occurred because of the use of both pig and cow grease on rifle cartridges, upsetting both Hindus and Muslims Sepoy Rebellion
he became the most famous Indian nationalist and pushed for an end to British rule in India with non-violence Mohandas Gandhi
the United States was involved in this region for economic gain Latin America
the United States helped this nation gain its independence from Colombia in order to build a canal for faster shipping Panama
a revolution in this country tried to overthrow the corrupt dictator Porfirio Diaz and redistribute land Mexico
Latin American nations began an age of prosperity due to their export of these items coffee, bananas, beef, sugar, and silver
this statement of 1904 said that the United States could intervene in Latin America if its economic interests were threatened Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
U.S. military interventions occurred in these Latin American nations Cuba, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic
this organization wanted a share in the governing process in India and helped bring about India's independence from Great Britain Indian National Congress
this man owned diamond and gold mines in Africa and encouraged British expansion in Africa Cecil Rhodes
these two inventions significantly helped European gain control of Africa steamboat and machine gun
these two nations were the only two in Africa that were not colonized by Europeans Ethiopia and Liberia
Created by: Mrs. Marquardt