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7th - Chapter 10

Judaism

QuestionAnswer
A shepherd named ________ was the father of the Jews. Abraham
a political unit that includes a city and its nearby farmland city-state
a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper scirbe
a belief in many gods of goddesses polytheism
human society with an advanced level of development in social and political organization and in the arts and sciences civilization
fertile soil deposited by a river silt
the vertical lines on a map that measure distances east and west of the Prime Meridian longitude
the horizontal lines on a map that measure distances north and south of the Equator latitude
an account of a historical event that was created at the time of the event by someone who witnessed it primary source
an account of a historical event that was created after an event by someone who was not there for the event secondary source
a human-made object with historical significance artifact
the preserved remains of early life fossil
a group of years with some distinct feature(s) in common age, era, epoch
half of a globe or sphere hemisphere
0 degrees latitude Equator
0 degrees longitude Prime Meridian
group of people with similar customs, background, training, and income social class
a skill in one type of work specialization
the cultivation of soil to produce useful crops agriculture
an amount produced in excess of what is needed surplus
the watering of crops irrigation
Which group originally ruled Judah with toleration, but over time tried to force the Jews to convert to Greek religion? Syria
During times of trouble, the Jewish people turned to spiritual leaders called _______ for advice. prophets
Which group introduced a polytheistic religion to the Jews during their reign over Judah? Syrians
The ________ that existed between God and Abraham was the promise of the Hebrew people to obey God's laws in exchange for the Promised Land. covenant
What makes Judaism different from the other world religions that we have learned about this year? only one god
During the ________, the Jews were exiled to Babylon for about 50 years. Babylonian Captivity
________ is the modern religion that is descended from the religion of the ancient Hebrews. Judaism
Which group allowed the Jews to keep their own kings as long as they were able to appoint them? Romans
What do Siddhartha Gautama and Abraham have in common? both are founders of a religion
a 200 year period of peace and stability in the Roman Empire Pax Romana
a person who rules alone without consulting others before making decision absolute ruler
the religion of the former Western Roman Empire over which the pope had ultimate authority Roman Catholic Church
a form of government in which people elect their rulers republic
Religious teachers and leaders called ________ tried to make sure that the Jews didn't lose their identity as a people after the Romans destroyed the second Temple. rabbis
Why did the Hebrew people leave Canaan and move to Egypt? famine
At the ________, Jewish people gather to hear the rabbis read the Torah and interpretations, or commentaries, on the Torah synagogue
Why did the Hebrew people agree to a single king? invasions by the Philistines
The belief in one all-powerful god is ________ monotheism
The Hebrew word ________ means an "anointed one" charged with some task of leadership Messiah
In about 1000 BC, ________ and the Israelites drove out the Philistines and won control of Jerusalem David
India's modern religion that developed out of Brahmanism Hinduism
the religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama and is still practiced in many Asian nations today Buddhism
a social class in India that is based on a person's job caste
seasonal winds that shape the climate of the Indian subcontinent monsoons
Which people helped the Hebrews by serving as military leaders, settling legal disputes, and keeping the 12 tribes of Israel united? judges
Which vocabulary term best explains why the role of Cyrus had a positive impact on the Hebrew people? toleration
The migration of the Israelites from Egypt is called the ________. Exodus
When did God instruct Abraham to move his family from Ur to Canaan? 1800 BC
When was Saul chosen as the first king of the Israelites? 1020 BC
When did the Kingdom of Israel divide into 2 separate kingdoms? 922 BC
When was the Babylonian Captivity? 586 BC - 538 BC
When did Cyrus free the Hebrews from captivity and allow them to return to Judah? 539 BC
When did the Exodus begin? 1025 BC
When did the Syrians control Judah? 198 BC - 164 BC
favorable for the growth of crops fertile
a king of ancient Egypt pharaoh
the spread of ethnic ideas and customs to other parts of the world cultural diffusion
the ancient Chinese philosophy that stresses respect and proper relationships in society Confucianism
a group of west-African people who gradually migrated south and east, spreading farming and herding to new regions Bantu
involving the continents of Europe and Asia trans-Eurasian
How did the Jews react to both Syrian and Roman control? rebelled against occupying forces
Why did the northern tribes refuse to pledge their loyalty to Solomon's son when he became king? he wouldn't lower taxes
________ helped the enslaved Israelites leave Egypt and delivered the Ten Commandments to the Hebrew people. Moses
What is the name of the Hebrew holy book? Torah
a person who takes power in an illegal way tyrant
a blending of Greek, Persian, and Egyptian cultures Hellenistic
a person who lives in a place and is entitled to protection by its government citizen
a body of land surrounded on three sides by water peninsula
a narrow strip of land that connects to larger landmasses isthmus
a collection of many people and lands under the control of one ruler empire
a set of written rules code of law
acceptance of beliefs, habits, and practices of others toleration
________ oversaw many building projects, including the Temple in Jerusalem. Solomon
The movement of Jews from Judea to other parts of the world is known as the ________ Diaspora
Created by: mrsdyer316