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Chapter 12 Vocab

Settlement a permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants
consumer services businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers
business services services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses
public services services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
central place theory a theory that explains the distribution of services based on the fact that settlement serve as centers of market areas for services
central place a market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
market area (hinterland) the area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the places goods and services
range max distance people are willing to travel to use a service
threshold the minimum number of people needed to support a service
rank-size a pattern of settlements in a country such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement
primate city rule a pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement
primate city the largest settlement in a country if it has more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement
gravity model model which holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the surface
global city
basic industries industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
nonbasic industries industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community
economic base a communities collection of basic industries
clustered rural settlement a rural settlement in which the house and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other with fields surrounding the settlement
dispersed rural settlement a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages
enclosure movement the process of consolidating small land holdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th cen
Created by: amberlague
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