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SEM 2 MIDTERM

TermDefinition
adrenal gland gland on (a) the kidney (renal)
electrolyte dissolved substance (-lyte) containing ions (electr/o)
adrenocorticotropic hormone a hormone arising from the cortex (cortic/o) of the adrenal gland
melanocyte stimulating hormone a hormone that stimulates the cells that excrete dark pigment (melan/o)
antidiruretic substance a substance that slows the production of urine
oxytocin a substance that tones the uterus
calcitonin a hormone that regulates calcium in the blood stream
euthyroidism normal (eu-) functioning of the thyroid
glucagon a hormone that regulates blood sugar by releasing glycogen from the liver
somatostatin a hormone that regulates insulin production keeping the body (somat) glucose levels stable (stat)
mineralcorticoids class of steroid hormones produces by the cortex of the adrenal characterized by their influence on salt and water balances
androgen a male sex hormone (andr/o)
estrogen a female sex hormone (estra/o)
progesterone a hormone involved in pregnancy and birth (gestat/o)
antagonism to work against (antagon/o)
synergism to work with
hyperpituitarism overactive (hyper-) pituitary
cardiomegaly enlarged (-megaly) heart
hypertension high blood pressure or arterial hypertension, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure (tens/o) in the arteries is elevated
thyrotoxicosis elevated levels of thyroid hormone becomes toxic to the body
exophthalmos a conditon in which the eyes (op/o) protrude (ex-) out of the eye socket
thyromegaly enlarged (-megaly) thryoid
ketoacidosis metabolic state associated with high concentrations of ketone bodies, formed by the breakdown of fatty acids
bradycardia slow (brady-) heart rate
endocarditis inflammation (-itis) of the inner (endo-) lining of the heart.
peripheral vascular disease a disease involving arteries and veins (vascul/o) outside (periphery/o) the brain and heart
lipoprotein a compound containing both fats (lipid/o) and proteins
electrophoresis technique used in laboratories in order to separate macromolecules based on size
angiography an image or recording (-graphy) of blood vessels (angi/o)
endartectomy the removal (-ectomy) of plaque from the inside (endo-) of an artery (art/o)
thrombolytic therapy used to breakdown (ly/o) blood clots (thrombi/o)
axillary node lymph node of the armpit
cervical node lymph node of the neck (cervic/o)
macrophage a large (macro-) cell that ingests (phag/o)
erythrocyte red (erythr/o) blood cell
agranulocyte a cell without (a-) grains (granules) in the cytoplasm
hemostasis bleeding is stopped
coagulopathy a disease (-pathy) that affects blood clotting (coagul/o)
hemophilia a disease that affects blood clotting
septicemia poisoning (septic/o) of the blood (-emia)
lymphedema swelling (-edema) due to a malfunction in the lymphatic network
anisocytosis a condition in which the red blood cells (cyt/o) are unequal (anis/o) in size
parietal pleura the pleura closest to the wall of the cavity (pariet/o)
visceral pleura the pleura closest to the organ (viscera/o)
eupnea normal (eu-) breathing (pn/o)
bronchiectasis condition of bronchial dilation (-ectasis)
emphysema condition of incomplete inflation (phys/o)
cyanosis condition of blueness (cyan/o)
aspiration pneumonia pneumonia due to the inhalation (aspir/o) of a substance
pneumococcal pneumonia pneumonia due to bacteria (cocc/o)
hemothorax blood (hem/o) in the thorax
apnea not (a) breathing
bradypnea slow (brady-) breathing
orthopnea breathing is easier in an upright or straight (orth/o) position
auscultation listening (auscult/o)
endotracheal intubation a breathing tube inserted into (endo-) the trachea
lung resection part or the lung is removed (resect/o)
thoracocentesis a puncture (-centesis) in the thorax
tracheostomy a surgically created (-stomy) opening in the trachea
nephrotosis drooping (-ptosis) of the kidney i.e. the kidney become loosely attached to the posterior abdomen wall
Created by: vikingmedterm
 

 



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