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World history review

5th 6 weeks

Which explorer, in 1487, was the first to round the southern tip of Africa in search of an easten sea route to Asia? Bartholemeu Dias
Which of the following were the most powerful kingdoms in Europe in the 1500s? Spain, Portugal, France, England
______ founded a sea route to Asia by sailing east past the Southern tip of Africa and on to India. He later returned and sod his spices and made a profit of several thousand percent. Vasco De Gama
Why were the westerners unable to travel by land from Europe to Asia? Muslim (Ottoman) traders acted a middlemen and charged higher prices for goods & crossing the desert was long, hot, and hard with the technology available
Which country took the lead in navigation under the direction of Prince Henry the Navigator? Portugal
In which way did Spain differ from the Portuguese in their search for new trade routes? The Spanish monarchs financed Columbus who sailed West looking for sea routes
What lands did Columbus reach in his 4 voyages? Major Caribbean Islands such as the Bahamas
______ went to his grave believing he had discovered a westward passage to Asia, when in fact he had actually discovered the Americas. Christopher Columbus
What was the name of the set of principles that dominated the economic thought of the 1600s where a mother country developed a favorable balance of trade with its colonies? Mercantilism
The southern tip of Africa was known as the _____. Cape of Good Hope
The Treaty of Tordesillas, signed in 1494, ____ Established a line of demarcation between the land claims of Portugal and Spain
The "New World" referred to_____. The Americas
Europeans replaced the dying natives with _____ to work the plantation. Slaves from Africa
According to mercantilists, the prosperity ( and ability to complete with others) of a nation depended on _____. A large supply of silver and gold
The pattern of trade that connects Europe,Africa, and the Americas was known as _____. triangular trade
________ was the first explorerr to circumnavigate the globe(sail around the earth). Ferdinand Magellan
European merchants and monarchs were interested in making money off of _____, leading them search for water routes to the East. The spice trade with Asia
What time period caused the Europeans to start to question the world around them, gain an interest in learning and motivated them to explore new lands? Renaissance
How were Spanish conquistadors able to conquer large and powerful native empires such as the Aztecs? Allying with other natives against the Aztecs, with new technologies such as guns and cannons, the introduction of dieases that devastated the populations
According to the Treaty of Tordesillas, Spain and Portugal agreed to the pope's decision that Portugal would have rights to land claims east of the Line of Demarcation, while Spain would receive rights to Western lands
Which of the following is NOT a result of Columbian Exchange? Catholicism was introduced to Europe, where it had not existed before
The Ottoman Empire was centered around The Anatolian Peninsuka, trade, Islam
The Ottoman Empire, beginning in 1299, began to weaken and was eventually broken into the independent country of Turkey and several Europena mandates(such as French Mandate of Syria) after____. Th defeat of the Ottomans and their allies in WWI
Which of the following is NOT true? The Spice Islands, located in the Atlantic Ocean near North America, were a valuable source of raw materials
Which was an immediate result of the European Age of Exploration? European influence spread to the Westerm hemisphere
Which of these events during the Age of Exploration was a cause of the other three? Advances in learning and technology made long ocean voyages possible
The Native American population of Mexico in 1492 has been estimated at 25 million; the population in 1608 has been estimated at 1.7 million. This decrease in population was mainly a result of _____. Diseases introduced by the Spanish
In Latin America during the early period of Spanish colonialism, the deaths of large numbers of the native people led to _____. The importation of slaves from Africa
Which was a characteristic of the policy of mercantilism, using Spainas an example? The Latin America colonies were required to provide raw materials to Spain and to purchase Spanish manufactured goods
The Crusades indirectly contributed to the discovery of the New World by____. stimulating European demand for goods from the East
Economic reasons, such as gaining more wealth and better trade routes, was a major motivation for the Europeans to explore. True
As a result of the European Exploration, devastating diseases were introduced into Americas that reduced the populations. False
New advances in technology allowed Europeans to explore the oceans. True
List two new technologies that allowed Europeans to explore. astrolabe, caravel, and compass
The chief motives for European exploration into the new world were God, glory, and ____. Gold
"The Travels" written by ______ encourage European explorations to get to Asia. Marco Polo
The terrible journey of the slaves from Africa to the Caribbean Islands was called the _____. Middle Passage
As cities grew and trade prospered, _____ arose based on private ownership of businesses. capitalism
_____ are natural resources used to make manufactured products. Raw materials
The two way exchange of goods and ideas between the Old and New World is known as the _____. Columbian Exchange
The French National Assembly swore the Tennis Court Oath, which was a vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution
Louis XVI was forced to accept the National Assembly's decrees because thousands of Parisian women descended on the palace and captured him and his family
According to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, (reforms to the Church) bishops and priests were to be elected by the people and paid by the state
Which of France's estates was NOT exempt from the taille? The third estate ( commoners)
Under the Constitution of 1791, the _____ would make the laws. Legislative Assembly
The Second estate did all of the following EXCEPT side with the peasants
The Paris Bastille was an armory and prison
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen proclaimed all of the following EXCEPT equal rights for women
The National's Assembly's Constitution of 1791 set up a limited monarchy
In Jean-Jacques Rousseau's concept of a social contract, an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
Montesquieu's most lasting contribution to political thought was his analysis of the governmental system of checks and balances
When the Estates-General convened in May 1789, it was the intention of Louis XVI to reform: taxes
The ____, or middle class, included merchants, bankers, and industrialists. Bourgeoisie
Merchants, bankers, industrialists, professionals Bourgeoisie
French parliament under Louis XVI Estates-General
Aristocratic privileges relics of feudalism
Which sources of knowledge were most central to the Scientific Revolution? observation and experimentation
Liberal thinkers John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau both agreed that a government should be based on the____. consent of the governed
Which movement is most associated with the major ideas of John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, and Voltaire? Enlightenment
Which of the following could describe John Locke's ideals? (natural rights is already listed) life, liberty, and property
Which best describes the philosophy of Montesquieu? powers should be divided between branches of government with a system of checks and balances
According to Locke, what do people have the right to do if the government fails in its purpose? rebel and replace it
What does the term "general will" mean? popular sovereignty, people can elect officials and vote on policies
Which of the following is true of France on the eve of Revolution? The first and second estates had landholdings out of proportion to their size of population
Which diverse estate contained the bourgeoisie. urban workers, and peasants? Third estate
Which of the following was NOT a cause of the French Revolution? wide spread anger for not supporting the Americans in their revolution
What type of government did France have prior to the Revolution? absolute monarchy
In this initial phase of the revolution, what major change was made? France became a Constitutional monarchy, with an elected legislative body to make laws
The Reign of Terror set up revolutionary courts to prosecute enemies of the republic
What were the two major reasons that Napoleon's Grand Empire collapsed? the survival of Great Britain and the force of nationalism
Promotion within Napoleon's new bureaucracy was based on ability only, not rank or birth
Napoleon's Continental System was designed to stop British trade with Europe
The term "sans-culottes", meaning "without breeches" implied that the members of this political group were ordinary patriots without fine clothes
Who seized political power from the Legislative Assembly? Paris Commune
In his final battle, Napoleon was defeated by the Duke of Wellington
___ was the brutal head of the Committee of Public Safety. Maximilien Robespierre
Napoleon's military force was called the Grand Army
Napoleon's coup d'├ętat overthrew the ____ to establish his consulate. Directory
Promotion within Napoleon's government and military was based on____. ability
Napoleon's Civil Code treated women as less equal than men
The Russians defeated Napoleon's superior Grand Army by retreating hundreds of miles and burning their own villages and countryside
The 3 major parts of Napoleon's Grand Empire were The French Empire, the dependent states and the allied states
The Committee of Public Safety was given broad powers to defend France from threats
The Civil or Napoleonic Code preserved most of the gains of the revolution. However, the rights of ____ were severely curtailed. women
One of Napoleon's first moves after the coup d' etat was to make peace with the oldest enemy of the Revolution, the _____. church
_____ is the unique cultural identity of a people based on their common factors. Nationalism
After the Reign of Terror, the Council of Elders selected five men to serve on an executive committee called the _____. Directory
The Committee of Public Safety was dominated by George Danton, then _____. Robespierre
During the _____, close to 40,000 people were killed. Reign of Terror
Radical political group made up of the sans-culottes Paris Commune
head of the Committee for Public Safety Maximilien Robespierre
a sudden overthrow of the government coup d' etat
site of Napoleon's final defeat Waterloo
island off the coast of Tuscany, where Napoleon was first exiled Elba
Napoleon's plan to weaken the British economy Continental System
Island to which Napoleon was exiled after his final defeat St. Helena
Used by the revolutionaries to execute opponents guillotine
Created by: marykatescamardo